Born in 1670

Jan 6 Alexander Gordon (general) a Scottish general who fought for the Russian army under Peter the Great, and for the Jacobites in the Jacobite rising of 1715.
Jan 24 William Congreve an English playwright and poet.
Jan 26 Jacob van Schuppen an Austrian Baroque painter.
Jan 30 Arnold van Keppel 1st Earl of Albemarle the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo. De Voorst is a large country house near Zutphen, financed by William III, and not unlike the royal palace Het Loo in Apeldoorn
Feb 24 Rajaram Chhatrapati the younger son of the first Maratha chhatrapati Shivaji, half-brother of the second Chhatrapati Sambhaji, and took over the Maratha Empire as its third chhatrapati after his brother's death at the hands of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb in 1689. He had a very short reign, during which he was engaged in a struggle with the Mughals
Feb 28 Benjamin Wadsworth an early American clergyman and educator. He was trained at Harvard College. He served as minister of the First Church in Boston; and as president of Harvard from 1725 until his death
Mar 7 Rainiero d'Elci an Italian Cardinal.
Mar 31 Louis Auguste Duke of Maine a legitimised son of the French king Louis XIV and his official mistress, Madame de Montespan. The king's favourite son, he was the founder of the semi-royal House of Bourbon-Maine named after his title and his surname
Apr 12 Gustav Duke of Zweibrücken the Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1701 until 1731 and the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1718 until 1731. His titles included: 5th Duke of Stegeborg , Pfalzgraf zur Rhein, and Herzog von Bayern
May 3 Nicholas Mavrocordatos a Greek member of the Mavrocordatos family, Grand Dragoman to the Divan , and consequently the first Phanariote Hospodar of the Danubian Principalities - Prince of Moldavia, and Prince of Wallachia. He was succeeded as Grand Dragoman by his son John Mavrocordato , who was for a short while hospodar in both Wallachia and Moldavia
May 8 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke of St Albans an illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by his mistress Nell Gwynne.
May 12 Augustus II the Strong Elector of Saxony , Imperial Vicar and became King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Jul 5 Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg princess of Neuburg by birth and later Duchess of Parma from 1695 to 1727. She was the sixth daughter of the Elector of the Palatinate, Philip William of Neuburg, and Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. Three of her sisters were Queen of Spain, Queen of Portugal and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire
Jul 18 Giovanni Bononcini an Italian Baroque composer, cellist, singer and teacher, one of a family of string players and composers.
Jul 19 Olof Celsius a Swedish botanist, philologist and clergyman, He was a professor at Uppsala University, Sweden. Celsius was a mentor of the botanist and scientist Carolus Linnaeus. Celsius wrote his most famous book on biblical plants, Hierobotanicos, in 1745-47
Jul 19 Richard Leveridge an English bass singer of the London stage and a composer of baroque music, including many popular songs.
Aug 13 Zheng Keshuang the third ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan in the 17th century. He was the second son of Zheng Jing and a grandson of Koxinga
Aug 21 James FitzJames 1st Duke of Berwick an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.
Aug 24 Louis Galloche a French painter. A student of Louis de Boullogne, his own students included François Lemoyne, Charles-Joseph Natoire and François Boucher
Aug 28 François Joseph Duke of Guise the only son of Louis Joseph de Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans, suo jure duchess of Alençon.
Oct 20 Abraham Davel a soldier and patriot of Vaud.
Oct 27 Banda Singh Bahadur a Sikh military commander.
Nov 15 Bernard Mandeville an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of his life in England and used English for most of his published works. He became famous for The Fable of the Bees
Nov 26 Marie Amalie of Brandenburg a princess from the Brandenburg-Schwedt line of the House of Hohenzollern and by marriage a Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz.
Nov 30 John Toland a rationalist philosopher and freethinker, and occasional satirist, who wrote numerous books and pamphlets on political philosophy and philosophy of religion, which are early expressions of the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment. Born in Ireland, he was educated at the universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Leiden and Oxford and was influenced by the philosophy of John Locke
Dec 4 John Aislabie a British politician, notable for his involvement in the South Sea Bubble and for creating the water garden at Studley Royal.
Dec 14 Jean-Baptiste Dubos a French author.
Dec 22 Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess in Saxony by birth, and by marriage a Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.