Died in 1671

Feb 19 Charles Chauncy an Anglo-American clergyman and educator.
Feb 19 Tokugawa Yorinobu a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period.
Feb 22 Adam Olearius a German scholar, mathematician, geographer and librarian. He became secretary to the ambassador sent by Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, to the Shah of Persia, and published two books about the events and observations during his travels
Feb 23 William August Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Mar 1 Leopold Wilhelm Margrave of Baden-Baden an Imperial Field Marschal.
Mar 31 Anne Hyde Duchess of York and of Albany as the first wife of the future King James II of England. Originally Anglican, her father was a lawyer. Anne married James in 1660 after she became pregnant by him, but James is said to have promised to marry her in 1659. The two first met in the Netherlands while Anne was living in the household of James' sister Mary. James and Anne had eight children, but six died in early childhood. The two who survived to adulthood were Lady Mary, who succeeded her father after his deposition during the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and Lady Anne, who succeeded her brother-in-law and became the first monarch of Great Britain
Apr 24 François Vatel the majordomo of Nicolas Fouquet and prince Louis II de Bourbon-Condé.
Apr 30 Petar Zrinski a Croatian Ban and writer. A member of the Zrinski noble family, he was noted for his role in the attempted Croatian-Hungarian rebellion of 1664-1670 which ultimately led to his execution for high treason
Apr 30 Fran Krsto Frankopan a Croatian baroque poet, nobleman and politician in the 17th century. He is remembered primarily for his involvement in the failed Zrinski-Frankopan conspiracy
May 5 Edward Montagu 2nd Earl of Manchester an important commander of Parliamentary forces in the First English Civil War, and for a time Oliver Cromwell's superior.
May 8 Sébastien Bourdon a French painter and engraver. His chef d'œuvre is The Crucifixion of Peter made for the cathedral of Notre Dame
May 22 Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha a Polish nobleman and bishop of Samogitia since 1660 and Wilno since 1667.
Jun 2 Sophia Eleonore of Saxony a Duchess of Saxony by birth and the Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George She was the eldest surviving child of John George I, Elector of Saxony, and Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia. Her daughter Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt became Electress of the Palatinate
Jun 16 Stepan Razin a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility and Tsar's bureaucracy in South Russia.
Jun 25 Giovanni Battista Riccioli an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things, for his experiments with pendulums and with falling bodies, for his discussion of 126 arguments concerning the motion of the Earth, and for introducing the current scheme of lunar nomenclature
Jul 14 Méric Casaubon a French-English classical scholar. Although biographical dictionaries commonly accentuate his name to Méric, he himself did not do so
Jul 30 Louis Joseph Duke of Guise the only son of Louis, Duke of Joyeuse and Marie Françoise de Valois, the only daughter of the Count of Alès, Governor of Provence and son of Charles de Valois Duke of Angoulême, a bastard of Charles IX of France.
Sep 1 Hugues de Lionne a French statesman.
Sep 28 Jean de Montigny a French philosophic writer and poet, elected to the Académie française, but who died in his prime.
Oct 26 Sir John Gell 1st Baronet a Parliamentarian politician and military figure in the English Civil War.
Nov 12 Thomas Fairfax a general and parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War. An adept and talented commander, Fairfax led Parliament to many victories, notably the crucial battle of Naseby, becoming effectively military ruler of the new republic, but was eventually overshadowed by his subordinate Oliver Cromwell, who was more politically adept and radical in action against Charles Fairfax became unhappy with Cromwell's policy and publicly refused to take part in Charles's show trial. Eventually he resigned leaving Cromwell to control the republic. Because of this, and also his honourable battlefield conduct and his active role in the Restoration of the monarchy after Cromwell's death, he was exempted from the retribution exacted on many other leaders of the revolution. His dark hair and eyes and a swarthy complexion earned him the nickname "Black Tom"
Dec 28 Johann Friedrich Gronovius a German classical scholar and critic.