Born in 1672

Jan 4 Hugh Boulter the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from 1724 until his death. He also served as the chaplain to George I from 1719
Jan 12 Willem Bosman a merchant in the service of the Dutch West India Company, spending most of his time in the Dutch Gold Coast.
Jan 16 Lucy Filippini venerated as a Roman Catholic saint. She was orphaned at an early age when her parents died. From there she went to live with her aristocratic aunt and uncle who encouraged her religious inclination by entrusting her education to the Benedictine nuns at Santa Lucia
Jan 18 Antoine Houdar de la Motte a French author.
Feb 13 Étienne François Geoffroy a French physician and chemist, best known for his 1718 affinity tables. He first contemplated a career as an apothecary, but then decided to practice medicine. He is sometimes known as Geoffroy the Elder
Feb 26 Antoine Augustin Calmet O.S.B. a French Benedictine monk, was born at Ménil-la-Horgne, then in the Duchy of Bar, part of the Holy Roman Empire
Mar 21 Stefano Benedetto Pallavicino an Italian poet and opera librettist. He was the son of the composer Carlo Pallavicino
Apr 6 André Cardinal Destouches a French composer best known for the opéra-ballet Les élémens.
May 1 Joseph Addison an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine
Jun 9 Peter the Great I or Pyotr Alexeyevich ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with one that was modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment
Jun 11 Francesco Antonio Bonporti an Italian priest and amateur composer.
Jun 17 Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Homburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Aug 2 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer a Swiss scholar born at Zürich.
Aug 20 George Ducas three times Prince of Moldavia and one time Prince of Wallachia.
Sep 8 Nicolas de Grigny a French organist and composer. He died young and left behind a single collection of organ music, which together with the work of François Couperin, represents the pinnacle of French Baroque organ tradition
Oct 7 Ernst Ludwig I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a German nobleman.
Oct 11 Pylyp Orlyk a Zaporozhian Cossack starshyna, Hetman in exile, diplomat, secretary and close associate of Hetman Ivan Mazepa.
Dec 21 Benjamin Schmolck a German Lutheran composer of hymns.