Died in 1672

Jan 15 John Cosin an English churchman.
Jan 21 Adriaen van de Velde a Dutch animal and landscape painter, son of Willem van de Velde the Elder and brother of Willem van de Velde the Younger, the marine painter.
Jan 28 Pierre Séguier a French statesman, chancellor of France from 1635. He is known for his appearance in The Three Musketeers
Feb 17 Madeleine Béjart a French actress and theatre director, one of the most famous French stage actors of the 17th-century. She belonged to the Béjart family, a famous theatre family in 17th-century France. Madeleine was the second child of Joseph and Marie-Herve Bejart. She debuted with her elder brother Joseph at the Theatre du Marais and in the provinces in the late 1630s
Apr 2 Pedro Calungsod a Roman Catholic young Filipino blessed and was a migrant, sacristan and missionary catechist, who along with the Spanish Jesuit missionary, Diego Luis de San Vitores, suffered religious persecution and martyrdom in Guam for their missionary work in 1672.
Apr 2 Diego Luis de San Vitores a Spanish Jesuit missionary who founded the first Catholic church on the island of Guam. He is responsible for establishing the Spanish presence in the Mariana Islands
Apr 9 Al-Rashid of Morocco Sultan of Morocco from 1666 to 1672. He has been called the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty
Apr 14 Friedrich Wilhelm III Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
Apr 21 Antoine Godeau a French bishop, poet and exegete. He is now known for his work of criticism Discours de la poésie chrétienne from 1633
Apr 22 Georg Stiernhielm a Swedish civil servant, linguist and poet.
Apr 30 Marie of the Incarnation (Ursuline) a French Ursuline nun and the leader of the group of nuns sent to establish the Ursuline Order in New France. She founded the oldest educational institution for females in North America. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church of Canada also celebrates her life and works with a feast day
May 5 Samuel Cooper an English miniature painter, and younger brother of Alexander Cooper.
May 9 François de La Mothe Le Vayer a French writer who was known to use the pseudonym Orosius Tubero. He was admitted to the Académie française in 1639, and was the tutor of Louis XIV
May 11 Charles Seton 2nd Earl of Dunfermline a Scottish peer.
May 28 Edward Montagu 1st Earl of Sandwich an English Infantry officer who later became a naval officer and a politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1645 and 1660.
May 28 John Trevor (1626–1672) a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1646 and 1672.
Jun 7 Willem Joseph van Ghent a 17th-century Dutch admiral. His surname is also sometimes rendered Gendt or Gent
Jun 12 Macarios III Zaim Melkite Greek Patriarch of Antioch from 1647 to 1672. He led a period of blossoming of his Church and he is also remembered for his travels in Russia and for his involvement in the reforms of Russian Patriarch Nikon
Jun 27 Roger Twysden an English historian and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1640.
Jul 3 Francis Willughby an English ornithologist and ichthyologist. He was a student, friend and colleague of the naturalist John Ray at Cambridge University, and shared some of his expeditions and interests. Ray saw Willughby's Ornithologia libri tres through the press after Willughby's sudden death
Jul 30 Giacinto Macripodari a 17th-century Greek scholar and Dominican friar. He was a Dominican missionary in Moldavia and was bishop of Skopje , custodian canon of Esztergom and Bishop of Csanád. His sermons had great success both in Greek and Italian
Aug 20 Cornelis de Witt a Dutch politician.
Aug 20 Johan de Witt a key figure in Dutch politics in the mid-17th century, when its flourishing sea trade in a period of globalization made the United Provinces a leading European power during the Dutch Golden Age. De Witt controlled the Netherlands political system from around 1650 until shortly before his death in 1672 working with various factions from nearly all the major cities, especially his hometown, Dordrecht, and the city of birth of his wife, Amsterdam. As a republican he opposed the House of Orange and, along with his brother Cornelis de Witt, was murdered by Orangists
Sep 12 Tanneguy Le Fèvre a French classical scholar.
Sep 16 Anne Bradstreet the most prominent of early English poets of North America and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her first volume of poetry was The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, published in 1650. It was met with a positive reception in both the Old World and the New World
Oct 8 Abraham Lambertsz van den Tempel a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Oct 24 John Webb (architect) an English architect and scholar.
Nov 6 Heinrich Schütz a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century. He wrote what is traditionally considered to be the first German opera, Dafne, performed at Torgau in 1627, the music of which has since been lost. He is commemorated as a musician in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 28 July with Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel
Nov 16 Esaias Boursse a Dutch painter. His paintings were mainly genre works
Nov 19 John Wilkins an English clergyman, natural philosopher and author, as well as one of the founders of the Royal Society. He was Bishop of Chester from 1668 until his death
Nov 19 Franciscus Sylvius a Dutch physician and scientist who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories. He was one of the earliest defenders of the theory of circulation of the blood in the Netherlands
Dec 6 Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro 10th Count of Lemos a Spanish nobleman who was Viceroy of Peru from 1667 until his death.
Dec 7 Richard Bellingham a colonial magistrate, lawyer, and several-time governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the last surviving signatory of the colonial charter at his death. A wealthy lawyer in Lincolnshire prior to his departure for the New World in 1634, he was a liberal political opponent of the moderate John Winthrop, arguing for expansive views on suffrage and lawmaking, but also religiously somewhat conservative, opposing the efforts of Quakers and Baptists to settle in the colony. He was one of the architects of the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, a document embodying many sentiments also found in the United States Bill of Rights
Dec 16 John II Casimir Vasa King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania during the era of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Duke of Opole in Upper Silesia, and titular King of Sweden 1648–1660. In Poland, he is known and commonly referred as Jan Kazimierz. His parents were Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. His older brother, and predecessor on the throne, was Władysław IV Vasa