Born in 1673

Jan 6 James Brydges 1st Duke of Chandos the first of fourteen children of Sir James Brydges, 3rd Baronet of Wilton Castle, Sheriff of Herefordshire, 8th Baron Chandos; and Elizabeth Barnard. Three days after his father's death on 16 October 1714, when he became 9th Baron Chandos, he was created 1st Viscount Wilton and 1st Earl of Carnarvon; he became 1st Duke of Chandos and 1st Marquess of Carnarvon in 1719. He was a member of parliament for Hereford from 1698 to 1714
Jan 11 Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp Prince of Eutin a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.
Jan 12 Rosalba Carriera a Venetian Rococo painter. In her younger years, she specialized in portrait miniatures. She later became known for her pastel work, a medium appealing to Rococo styles for its soft edges and flattering surfaces
Jan 23 Duchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria Grand Princess of Tuscany as the wife of Grand Prince Ferdinando of Tuscany and Governor of Siena from 1717 until her death. Born a Duchess of Bavaria, the youngest child of Elector Ferdinand Maria, she married the heir to the Tuscan throne, Ferdinando de' Medici, in 1689. Violante Beatrice loved him but Ferdinando did not return her affection, declaring her too ugly and too dull. Her brother-in-law, Prince Gian Gastone, befriended her out of sympathy, a friendship that lasted until Violante Beatrice's demise
Jan 31 Louis de Montfort a French Roman Catholic priest and Confessor. He was known in his time as a preacher and was made a missionary apostolic by Pope Clement XI
Feb 1 Alessandro Marcello an Italian nobleman and musician.
Apr 21 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, Archduchess consort of Austria etc. as the spouse of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Apr 28 Claude Gillot a French painter, best known as the master of Watteau and Lancret.
May 17 Dominik von Königsegg-Rothenfels an imperial Fieldmarshal.
May 19 Frederick III Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg a Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Jun 1 Louise Françoise de Bourbon Duchess of Bourbon the eldest surviving legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan. She was said to have been named after her godmother, Louise de La Vallière, the woman that her mother had replaced as the king's mistress. Prior to her marriage, she was known at court as Mademoiselle de Nantes
Jun 13 Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg the legal Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg in the eyes of the Holy Roman Emperor, the overlord of Saxe-Lauenburg, from 1689 until 1728; however, because her distant cousin George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, conquered the duchy by force in 1689, she exercised no control over the territory, instead living in her manors in Bohemia.
Jun 18 Antoni Lliteres Carrió a Spanish composer of zarzuelas. As with other national forms of baroque opera, Literes's stage works employ a wide variety of musical forms - arias, ariettas and recitative as well as dance movements and choruses, though here mingled with spoken verse dialogue. His use of the orchestra follows French and Italian practise in including guitars, lutes, and harpsichords amongst the continuo instruments
Jul 5 Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff a Franconian field marshal and diplomat, in the service of the imperial Habsburg monarchy of Austria. Later he served as commander of the Bavarian army and fought Austria
Jul 18 Countess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of Neuburg the daughter of Philip William, Duke of Neuburg, Berg and Jülich, Elector Palatine of Neuburg, and his wife Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Jul 20 John Dalrymple 2nd Earl of Stair a Scottish soldier and diplomat. He served in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession and, after a period as British Ambassador in Paris, became a military commander at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession
Jul 25 Santiago de Murcia a Spanish guitarist and composer.
Aug 6 Henry FitzJames the illegitimate son of King James II of England and VII of Scotland by Arabella Churchill, sister of the Duke of Marlborough.
Aug 8 John Ker a Scottish spy during the Jacobite risings.
Aug 10 Johann Conrad Dippel a German pietist theologian, alchemist and physician.
Aug 11 Richard Mead an English physician. His work, A Short Discourse concerning Pestilential Contagion, and the Method to be used to prevent it , was of historic importance in the understanding of transmissible diseases
Aug 22 Tsarevna Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia a Russian playwright. She was the elder daughter of Tsar Alexis and his second wife, Natalia Naryshkina, and the sister of Peter the Great
Oct 4 Jahan Shah (Mughal prince) the fourth son of Emperor Bahadur Shah He was made Subahdar of Malwa and raised to an Imperial Mansab of 30,000 Zat and 20,000 Sawar. After his father's death, he sided with his brother Mu'izz-ud-Din and defeated his other brother, Azim-ush-Shan in 1712. But Mu'izz-ud-Din disagreed with him over the distribution of the Imperial treasury and fought a battle against him in which he was killed along with his eldest son Farkhunda Akhtar
Oct 26 Dimitrie Cantemir twice Prince of Moldavia. He was also a prolific man of letters – philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer
Nov 6 Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora , Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of Russia for two years