Died in 1673

Feb 2 Kaspar Förster a German singer and composer.
Feb 17 Molière considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known works are Le Misanthrope , L'École des Femmes , Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur , L'Avare , Le Malade Imaginaire , and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme
Mar 12 Margaret Theresa of Spain Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was the elder sister of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez, and subject of many of his later paintings
Mar 15 Salvator Rosa an Italian Baroque painter, poet, and printmaker, who was active in Naples, Rome, and Florence. As a painter, he is best known as "unorthodox and extravagant" as well as being a "perpetual rebel" and a proto-Romantic
Mar 20 Augustyn Kordecki a prior of the Jasna Góra Monastery, Poland.
Apr 5 François Caron a French Huguenot refugee to the Netherlands who served the Dutch East India Company for 30 years, rising from cabin boy to Director-General at Batavia , only one grade below Governor-General. He was later to become Director-General of the French East Indies Company
May 13 Johannes Bach a German composer and musician of the Baroque. He was the father of the so-called "Erfurt line" of Bach family musicians
May 28 Joan Blaeu a Dutch cartographer born in Alkmaar, the son of cartographer Willem Blaeu.
Jun 18 Jeanne Mance a French nurse and settler of New France. She arrived in New France two years after the Ursuline Nuns came to Quebec. Among the founders of Montreal, Canada in 1642, she established its first hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, in 1645. She returned twice to France to seek financial support for the hospital. After providing most of the care directly for years, in 1657 she recruited three sisters of the Religious Hospitallers of Joseph, and continued to direct operations of the hospital
Jun 25 Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan Ogier de Batz de Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan served Louis XIV as captain of the Musketeers of the Guard and died at the Siege of Maastricht in the Franco-Dutch War. A fictionalized account of his life by Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras formed the basis for the d'Artagnan Romances of Alexandre Dumas, most famously including The Three Musketeers. The heavily fictionalized version of d'Artagnan featured in Dumas' works and their subsequent screen adaptations is now far more widely known than the real historical figure
Jul 1 Fyodor Rtishchev a boyar and an intimate friend of Alexis I of Russia who was renowned for his piety and alms-deeds.
Jul 9 Johann Rudolph Ahle a German composer, organist, theorist, and Protestant church musician.
Jul 15 Helena Fourment the second wife of Peter Paul Rubens. She was the subject of a few portraits by Rubens, and also modeled for other religious and mythological paintings
Aug 17 Regnier de Graaf a Dutch physician and anatomist who made key discoveries in reproductive biology. His first name is often spelled Reinier or Reynier
Aug 21 Henry Grey 1st Earl of Stamford an English nobleman and military leader. He was the eldest son of Sir John Grey and Elizabeth Nevill. His mother was probably a daughter of Edward Nevill, 8th Baron Bergavenny and his wife Rachel Lennard
Aug 21 Isaac Sweers a 17th-century Dutch admiral.
Oct 13 Christoffer Gabel a Danish statesman.
Oct 17 Thomas Clifford 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh an English statesman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1672 when he was created Baron Clifford.
Oct 20 Barent Fabritius a Dutch painter.
Nov 10 Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from September 29, 1669, to his death in 1673. Michael's reign was marked by struggles between the pro-Habsburg and pro-French political factions
Nov 15 Thomas Wharton (anatomist) an English physician and anatomist best known for his descriptions of the submandibular duct and Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord.
Nov 17 Jacob van der Does a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
Nov 29 Armand de Gramont Comte de Guiche a French nobleman, adventurer, and one of the greatest playboys of the 17th century.
Dec 6 Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan a French-Polish cartographer, engineer and architect.
Dec 15 Margaret Cavendish Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne an English aristocrat, a prolific writer, and a scientist. Born Margaret Lucas, she was the youngest sister of prominent royalists Sir John Lucas and Sir Charles Lucas. She became an attendant of Queen Henrietta Maria and travelled with her into exile in France, living for a time at the court of the young King Louis XIV. She became the second wife of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1645, when he was a marquess