1674 in history

1674 events chronologically

Feb 19 England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York
May 21 The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
Jun 6 Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, is crowned
Sep 24 Second Tantrik Coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Nov 10 Anglo-Dutch War: As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherland to England
Dec 4 Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek. (The mission would later grow into the city of Chicago, Illinois.)

Top 7 most famous people born in 1674

Jan 9 Reinhard Keiser a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg. He wrote over a hundred operas. Johann Adolf Scheibe considered him an equal to Johann Kuhnau, George Frideric Handel and Georg Philipp Telemann , but his work was largely forgotten for many decades
Jan 13 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon a French poet and tragedian.
Apr 18 Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townshend a British Whig statesman. He served for a decade as Secretary of State, directing British foreign policy. He was often known as Turnip Townshend because of his strong interest in farming turnips and his role in the British agricultural revolution
Jun 20 Nicholas Rowe (writer) appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
Jul 17 Isaac Watts an English Christian hymnwriter, theologian and logician. A prolific and popular hymn writer, his work was part of evangelization. He was recognized as the "Father of English Hymnody", credited with some 750 hymns. Many of his hymns remain in use today and have been translated into numerous languages
Aug 2 Philippe II Duke of Orléans a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. His father was Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, known as Monsieur; his mother was Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
Oct 8 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro a Galician monk and scholar who led the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. He was an energetic popularizer noted for encouraging scientific and empirical thought in an effort to debunk myths and superstitions

Top 7 most famous people died in 1674

Jan 12 Giacomo Carissimi an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accurately, the Roman School of music
Feb 22 Jean Chapelain a French poet and critic during the Grand Siècle, best known for his role as an organizer and founding member of the Académie française. Chapelain acquired considerable prestige as a literary critic, but his own major work, an epic poem about Joan of Arc called "La Pucelle," was lampooned by his contemporary Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
Aug 12 Philippe de Champaigne a Brabançon-born French Baroque era painter, a major exponent of the French school. He was a founding member of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture
Sep 27 Thomas Traherne an English poet, clergyman, theologian, and religious writer. Little information is known about his life. The intense, scholarly spirituality in his writings has led to his being commemorated by some parts of the Anglican Communion on 10 October or on September 27
Oct 15 Robert Herrick (poet) a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for his book of poems, Hesperides. This includes the carpe diem poem To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time, with the first line Gather ye rosebuds while ye may
Nov 8 John Milton an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost , written in blank verse
Dec 9 Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon an English statesman, historian, and maternal grandfather of two English, Scottish and Irish monarchs, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.