Born in 1674

Jan 1 Kaikhosro of Kartli a titular king of Kartli, eastern Georgia, from 1709 to 1711. He reigned in absentia since he served during the whole of this period as a Persian commander-in-chief in what is now Afghanistan
Jan 9 Reinhard Keiser a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg. He wrote over a hundred operas. Johann Adolf Scheibe considered him an equal to Johann Kuhnau, George Frideric Handel and Georg Philipp Telemann , but his work was largely forgotten for many decades
Jan 13 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon a French poet and tragedian.
Jan 18 Nicolas-Henri Tardieu a prominent French engraver, known for his sensitive reproductions of Antoine Watteau's paintings. He was appointed graveur du roi to King Louis XV of France. His second wife, Marie-Anne Horthemels, came from a family that included engravers and painters. She is known as an engraver in her own right. Nicolas-Henri and Marie-Anne Tardieu had many descendants who were noted artists, most of them engravers
Jan 22 Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg the wife of Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. She was the daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his first wife, Magdalena Sybille of Saxe-Weissenfels. She married Ernst Ludwig I on the 19 September 1704
Jan 24 Thomas Tanner (bishop) an English antiquary and prelate.
Mar 4 Kazimierz Czartoryski a Polish nobleman, Duke of Klewań and Żuków.
Mar 13 Jean Louis Petit a French surgeon, and the inventor of the tourniquet. He was first enthusiastic about anatomy, received a master's certificate in surgery in Paris in 1700. He became a member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences in 1715, and was named director of the French Royal Academy of Surgery by the king when it was created in 1731. He acquired great notoriety because of his skill and experience, thanks to his case reports of hemorrhage, lacrimal fistula, operation on the frenum, for his treatise on bone diseases and especially for his general treatise on surgical operations, on which he worked 12 years and which was finished after his death by François-Dominique Lesne
Mar 15 Jean Barbeyrac a French jurist.
Apr 5 Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg (1674–1748) a Duchess consort of Courland, Margravine consort of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen. She was married to Duke Frederick Casimir Kettler of Courland, Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. She was joint regent in Courland during the minority of her son from 1698 until 1701
Apr 18 Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townshend a British Whig statesman. He served for a decade as Secretary of State, directing British foreign policy. He was often known as Turnip Townshend because of his strong interest in farming turnips and his role in the British agricultural revolution
Jun 20 Nicholas Rowe (writer) appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
Jun 26 Armand Gaston Maximilien de Rohan a French churchman and politician. He became bishop of Strasbourg in 1704, Cardinal in 1712 then Grand Almoner of France in 1713 and member of the regency council in 1722
Jun 28 Pier Leone Ghezzi an Italian Rococo painter and caricaturist active in Rome.
Jul 17 Isaac Watts an English Christian hymnwriter, theologian and logician. A prolific and popular hymn writer, his work was part of evangelization. He was recognized as the "Father of English Hymnody", credited with some 750 hymns. Many of his hymns remain in use today and have been translated into numerous languages
Aug 2 Philippe II Duke of Orléans a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. His father was Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, known as Monsieur; his mother was Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
Aug 9 František Maxmilián Kaňka a Czech architect and builder.
Sep 17 Ernest Augustus Duke of York and Albany the younger brother of George I of Great Britain. Ernest was a soldier, and served with some distinction under Emperor Leopold I during the Nine Years' War and the War of Spanish Succession. In 1715 he became Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück
Sep 29 Jacques-Martin Hotteterre a French composer and flautist. Jacques-Martin Hotteterre was the most celebrated of a family of wind instrument makers and wind performers
Oct 8 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro a Galician monk and scholar who led the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. He was an energetic popularizer noted for encouraging scientific and empirical thought in an effort to debunk myths and superstitions
Nov 7 Christian III Count Palatine of Zweibrücken a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death
Nov 23 Pierre Dumage a French Baroque organist and composer. His first music teacher was most likely his father, organist of the Beauvais Cathedral. At some point during his youth Dumage moved to Paris and studied under Louis Marchand. He also befriended Nicolas Lebègue, who in 1703 procured for Dumage a position of organist of the Saint-Quentin collegiate church. In 1710 Dumage was appointed titular organist of the Laon Cathedral. Due to strained relations with his superiors in the cathedral chapter, Dumage left on 30 March 1719, at the age of 45, and became a civil servant. He apparently neither played nor composed music professionally until his death, 32 years later
Dec 25 Thomas Halyburton a Scottish divine.