Died in 1674

Jan 5 Ebba Brahe a Swedish countess, landowner and courtier. She is foremost known for being the love object of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and because he wished to marry her prior to his marriage, plans which were however never realized. Their love affair has been famous in the Swedish romantic history and the subject of fiction, and are documented in their preserved correspondence
Jan 8 Justus van Egmont a Dutch Golden Age painter and designer of tapestry.
Jan 12 Giacomo Carissimi an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accurately, the Roman School of music
Feb 13 Jean de Labadie a 17th-century French pietist. Originally a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, he became a member of the Reformed Church in 1650, before founding the community which became known as the Labadists in 1669. At its height the movement numbered around 600 with thousands of adherents further afield. It attracted some notable female converts such as the famed poet and scholar, Anna Maria van Schurman, and the entomological artist Maria Merian
Feb 22 John Wilson (composer) an English composer, lutenist and teacher. Born in Faversham, Kent, he moved to London by 1614, where he succeeded Robert Johnson as principal composer for the King's Men, and entered the King's Musick in 1635 as a lutenist. He received the degree of D.Mus from Oxford in 1644, and he was professor of music there from 1656 to 1661. Following the Restoration, he joined the Chapel Royal in 1662. He died at Westminster
Feb 22 Jean Chapelain a French poet and critic during the Grand Siècle, best known for his role as an organizer and founding member of the Académie française. Chapelain acquired considerable prestige as a literary critic, but his own major work, an epic poem about Joan of Arc called "La Pucelle," was lampooned by his contemporary Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
Mar 7 Charles Sorel sieur de Souvigny a French novelist and general writer.
Apr 18 John Graunt one of the first demographers, though by profession he was a haberdasher.
Jun 4 Jan Lievens a Dutch painter, usually associated with Rembrandt, working in a similar style.
Jun 14 Marin le Roy de Gomberville a French poet and novelist.
Jul 2 Eberhard III Duke of Württemberg ruled as Duke of Württemberg from 1628 until his death in 1674.
Jul 30 Karel Škréta a Czech Baroque painter.
Aug 12 Philippe de Champaigne a Brabançon-born French Baroque era painter, a major exponent of the French school. He was a founding member of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture
Aug 13 Lucidor a Swedish baroque poet. He is remembered for his burlesque poetry that is seen as foreshadowing that of Johan Runius and, especially, Carl Michael Bellman, and for his dramatic death in a tumultuous brawl at the Fimmelstången tavern in Gamla stan in Stockholm. Lasse Johansson wrote under several different pseudonyms, but of these "Lucidor" is the one under which he is commonly known today
Sep 12 Nicolaes Tulp a Dutch surgeon and mayor of Amsterdam. Tulp was well known for his upstanding moral nothing and as the subject of Rembrandt's famous painting The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp
Sep 27 Thomas Traherne an English poet, clergyman, theologian, and religious writer. Little information is known about his life. The intense, scholarly spirituality in his writings has led to his being commemorated by some parts of the Anglican Communion on 10 October or on September 27
Sep 29 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art
Oct 15 Robert Herrick (poet) a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for his book of poems, Hesperides. This includes the carpe diem poem To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time, with the first line Gather ye rosebuds while ye may
Oct 27 Hallgrímur Pétursson one of Iceland's most famous poets and a minister at Hvalneskirkja and Saurbær in Hvalfjörður. The Hallgrímskirkja in Reykjavík and the Hallgrímskirkja in Saurbær are named after him. He was one of the most influential pastors during the Age of Orthodoxy. Because of his contributions to Lutheran hymnody, he is sometimes called the Icelandic Paul Gerhardt
Nov 4 Kanō Tan'yū one of the foremost Japanese painters of the Kanō school. His original given name was Morinobu; he was the eldest son of Kanō Takanobu and grandson of Kanō Eitoku. Many of the most famous and widely known Kanō works today are by Tan'yū
Nov 8 John Milton an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost , written in blank verse
Dec 9 Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon an English statesman, historian, and maternal grandfather of two English, Scottish and Irish monarchs, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.