Died in 1675

Jan 26 Domenico II Contarini the 104th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on October 16, 1659 until his death.
Feb 2 Ivan Belostenec a Croatian linguist and lexicographer.
Feb 9 Gerrit Dou a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose small, highly polished paintings are typical of the Leiden fijnschilders. He specialised in genre scenes and is noted for his trompe l'oeil "niche" paintings and candlelit night-scenes with strong chiaroscuro
Mar 16 François Joseph Duke of Guise the only son of Louis Joseph de Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans, suo jure duchess of Alençon.
Mar 18 Arthur Chichester 1st Earl of Donegall an Irish aristocrat and soldier.
Mar 23 Anthoni van Noordt a Dutch composer and organist.
Mar 26 Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Gotha a duke of Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg. The duchies were later merged into Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Apr 12 Richard Bennett (Governor) an English Governor of the Colony of Virginia.
May 18 Jacques Marquette Father Jacques Marquette S.J. sometimes known as Père Marquette or James Marquette, was a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, and later founded Ignace, Michigan. In 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River
May 18 Stanisław Lubieniecki a Polish Socinian theologist, historian, astronomer, and writer. He is the eponym of the lunar crater Lubiniezky
May 27 Gaspard Dughet a French painter born in Rome.
Jun 12 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine of France until 1648. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven-year-old son
Jul 27 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family. He achieved military fame and became a Marshal of France. He was one of six marshals who have been made Marshal General of France
Jul 28 Bulstrode Whitelocke an English lawyer, writer, parliamentarian and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England.
Sep 8 Amalia of Solms-Braunfels a regent of Orange. She was the wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. She was the daughter of count John Albert I of Solms-Braunfels and countess Agnes of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Sep 18 Charles IV Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1624 to 1634, when he abdicated under French pressure in favor of his younger brother, Nicholas Francis, and again from 1661 until 1675.
Sep 23 Valentin Conrart a French author, and as a founder of the Académie française, the first occupant of seat 2.
Oct 26 William Sprague (1609–1675) left England on the ship Lyon's Whelp for Plymouth/Salem Massachusetts. He was originally from Upwey, near Weymouth, Dorset, England
Oct 27 Gilles de Roberval born at Roberval, Oise, near Beauvais, France. His name was originally Gilles Personne or Gilles Personier, with Roberval the place of his birth
Oct 29 Andreas Hammerschmidt a German Bohemian composer and organist of the early to middle Baroque era. He was one of the most significant and popular composers of sacred music in Germany in the middle 17th century
Nov 5 Cort Adeler the name of honour given to Kurt Sivertsen, a Norwegian seaman, who rendered distinguished service to the Danish and Dutch navies, and also to the Republic of Venice against the Turks.
Nov 8 Allaert van Everdingen a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker in etching and mezzotint.
Nov 10 Leopoldo de' Medici an Italian cardinal, scholar, patron of the arts and Governor of Siena. He was the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Nov 11 Guru Tegh Bahadur also known as Hind-di-Chaadar for protecting Hindus and Sikhs against forced conversion in the hands of Muslims under Aurangzeb, became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April 1664, a position earlier occupied by his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir
Nov 11 Thomas Willis an English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy, neurology and psychiatry. He was a founding member of the Royal Society
Nov 21 George William Duke of Liegnitz the last Silesian duke of Legnica and Brzeg from 1672 until his death. He was the last male member of the Silesian Piast dynasty
Nov 28 Basil Feilding 2nd Earl of Denbigh the eldest son of William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh.
Nov 28 Leonard Hoar an English-born early American minister and educator, who spent a short and troubled term as President of Harvard College.
Nov 30 Cecil Calvert 2nd Baron Baltimore an English peer who was the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland, and ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and the colony of Avalon. His title was "Cecil Calvert, Second Baron Baltimore, First Lord Proprietary, Earl Palatine of the Provinces of Maryland and Avalon in America". He received the proprietorship after the death of his father, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, , for whom it was intended. Cecil Calvert established and managed the Province of Maryland from his home, Kiplin Hall, in North Yorkshire, England. As an English Roman Catholic, he continued the legacy of his father by promoting religious tolerance in the colony
Dec 6 John Lightfoot an English churchman, rabbinical scholar, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge.
Dec 15 Johannes Vermeer a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime. He seems never to have been particularly wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings
Dec 16 Armand-Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a Marshal of France and peer of France. He was the son of another Marshal of France, Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force and Charlotte de Gontaut, daughter of Marshal Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron. Like his father, Armand-Nompar was a Protestant
Dec 23 Caesar duc de Choiseul a Marshal of France and French diplomat, generally known for the best part of his life as the maréchal du Plessis-Praslin.
Dec 26 Gabriel de Rochechouart de Mortemart a French nobleman and father of the Marquise de Montespan. He was a friend of the French King Louis XIII