Born in 1676

Jan 19 John Weldon (musician) an English composer.
Feb 4 Giacomo Facco an Italian Baroque violinist, conductor and composer. One of the most famous Italian composers of his day, he was completely forgotten until 1962, when his work was discovered by composer, conductor and musicologist Uberto Zanolli
Mar 4 Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska an Electress of Bavaria and of the Electorate of the Palatinate. She also served as Regent of the Palatinate in 1704–05
Mar 17 Thomas Boston a Scottish church leader, theologian and philosopher.
Mar 27 Francis II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in 1703-11 as the prince of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary. He was also Prince of Transylvania, an Imperial Prince, and a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Today he is considered a national hero in Hungary
Apr 2 Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński a Polish noble , politician, collector and patron of arts.
Apr 4 Giuseppe Maria Orlandini an Italian baroque composer particularly known for his more than 40 operas and intermezzos. Highly regarded by music historians of his day like Francesco Saverio Quadrio, Jean-Benjamin de La Borde and Charles Burney, Orlandini, along with Vivaldi, is considered one of the major creators of the new style of opera that dominated the second decade of the 18th century
Apr 17 Frederick I of Sweden a prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, and a King of Sweden from 1720 until his death and also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law, absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, as his sister and heir Ulrika Eleonora preferred to abdicate from her position as queen regnant after relinquishing most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates. His powerless reign saw his family's elimination from the line of succession after the parliamentary government dominated by pro-revanchist Hat Party politicians ventured into a war with Russia, which ended in defeat and the Russian tsarina Elizabeth demanding Adolph Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp to be instated following the death of the king
May 7 Pietro Giannone an Italian historian born in Ischitella, in the province of Capitanata. He opposed the papal influence in Naples, for which he was imprisoned for twelve years until his death
May 28 Jacopo Riccati an Italian mathematician, born in Venice. He is now remembered for the Riccati equation. He died in Treviso in 1754
Jun 21 Anthony Collins an English philosopher, and a proponent of deism.
Jul 3 Leopold I Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1693 to 1747. He was also a Generalfeldmarschall in the Prussian army. Nicknamed "the Old Dessauer" , he possessed good abilities as a field commander, but was mainly remembered a talented drillmaster who modernized the Prussian infantry
Jul 4 José de Cañizares a Spanish playwright. Cavalry officer, public official, and author of around one hundred works, he was one of the most important dramatists of the early 18th century
Jul 14 Caspar Abel a German theologian, historian and poet.
Jul 28 Frederick II Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Jul 30 Boris Kurakin the third permanent Russian ambassador abroad, succeeding Andrey Matveyev in The Hague and one of the closest associates of Peter the Great. He was also the tsar's brother-in-law, being married to a sister of Eudoxia Lopukhina
Aug 26 Robert Walpole generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact dates of his dominance are a matter of scholarly debate, 1721–1742 are often used. He dominated the Walpole–Townshend Ministry and the Ministry and holds the record as the longest serving Prime Minister in British history. Critics called his system the "Robinocracy." Speck says that Walpole's uninterrupted run of 20 years as Prime Minister "is rightly regarded as one of the major feats of British political history.... Explanations are usually offered in terms of his expert handling of the political system after 1720, his unique blending of the surviving powers of the crown with the increasing influence of the Commons
Sep 13 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans a French petite-fille de France and by marriage to Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, duchess and later regent of Lorraine and Bar. She was also suo jure Princess of Commercy. Among her children was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, a co-founder of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Sep 15 Stanisław Poniatowski (1676–1762) a Polish-Lithuanian military commander, diplomat, and noble. Throughout his career, Poniatowski served in various military offices, and was a general in both the Swedish and Polish-Lithuanian militaries. He also held numerous civil positions, including those of podstoli of Lithuania and Grand Treasurer of the Lithuanian army in 1722, voivode of the Masovian Voivodeship in 1731, regimentarz of the Crown Army in 1728, and castellan of Kraków in 1752. Throughout his lifetime, he served in many starost positions
Sep 18 Eberhard Louis Duke of Württemberg the tenth duke of Württemberg, from 1692 until 1733.
Oct 11 Georg Wilhelm de Gennin a German-born Russian military officer and engineer who specialized in mining and metallurgy.
Oct 13 Michael II Apafi the son of the Hungarian Michael I Apafi and Anna Bornemissza. Following his father, he was Prince of Transylvania from 10 June 1690 to 1699
Dec 19 Louis-Nicolas Clérambault a French musician, best known as an organist and composer. He was born and died in Paris