1677 in history

1677 events chronologically

Mar 17 The Siege of Valenciennes, during the Franco-Dutch War, ends with France's taking of the city
Apr 19 The French army captures the town of Cambrai held by Spanish troops
May 29 Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Natives
Jul 23 Scanian War: Denmark–Norway captures the harbor town of Marstrand from Sweden
Nov 4 The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange. They would later jointly reign as William and Mary

Top 7 most famous people born in 1677

Feb 3 Jan Santini Aichel a Czech architect of Italian descent, whose major works represent the unique Baroque Gothic style - the special combination of the Baroque and Gothic styles.
Feb 4 Johann Ludwig Bach a composer and violinist.
Feb 18 Jacques Cassini a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
Feb 26 Nicola Fago an Italian Baroque composer and teacher. He was the father of Lorenzo Fago
Aug 27 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun an Austrian Generalfeldmarschall. The current spelling of the name, and the spelling used in his time, is mostly Abensperg
Sep 17 Stephen Hales an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology. He invented several devices, including a ventilator, a pneumatic trough and a surgical forceps for the removal of bladder stones. He was also a philanthropist and wrote a popular tract on alcoholic intemperance
Oct 20 Stanisław I King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1677

Jan 18 Jan van Riebeeck a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town.
Feb 21 Baruch Spinoza a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes's mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely." Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."
Mar 25 Wenceslaus Hollar a Bohemian etcher, known in England as Wenceslaus or Wenceslas and in Germany as Wenzel Hollar. He was born in Prague, and died in London, being buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster
May 4 Isaac Barrow generally given credit for his early role in the development of infinitesimal calculus; in particular, for the discovery of the fundamental theorem of calculus. His work centered on the properties of the tangent; Barrow was the first to calculate the tangents of the kappa curve. Isaac Newton was a student of Barrow's, and Newton went on to develop calculus in a modern form. The lunar crater Barrow is named after him
Jul 9 Angelus Silesius a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and raised a Lutheran, he adopted the name Angelus and the surname Silesius on converting to Catholicism in 1653. While studying in the Netherlands, he began to read the works of medieval mystics and became acquainted with the works of the German mystic Jacob Böhme through Böhme's friend, Abraham von Franckenberg. Silesius's mystical beliefs caused tension between him and Lutheran authorities and led to his eventual conversion to Catholicism. He took holy orders under the Franciscans and was ordained a priest in 1661. Ten years later, in 1671, he retired to a Jesuit house where he remained for the rest of his life
Sep 11 James Harrington (author) an English political theorist of classical republicanism, best known for his controversial work, The Commonwealth of Oceana. This work was an exposition on an ideal constitution, designed to facilitate the development of a utopian republic
Nov 11 Barbara Strozzi an Italian Baroque singer and composer.