Born in 1677

Jan 1 François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel a French dramatist and satirist.
Feb 2 Jean-Baptiste Morin (composer) a French composer and the Ordinaire de la Musique to Philippe, Duke of Orléans before and perhaps during his regency. From 1719 to 1731 Morin was Maître de musique of Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans, daughter of the Duke, at the royal abbey of Chelles, near Paris
Feb 3 Jan Santini Aichel a Czech architect of Italian descent, whose major works represent the unique Baroque Gothic style - the special combination of the Baroque and Gothic styles.
Feb 4 Johann Ludwig Bach a composer and violinist.
Feb 18 Jacques Cassini a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
Feb 26 Nicola Fago an Italian Baroque composer and teacher. He was the father of Lorenzo Fago
Mar 14 Margrave Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Margrave of Brandenburg and a military officer of Brandenburg-Prussia's Hohenzollern dynasty. The title "Margrave of Brandenburg" was given to princes of the Prussian Royal House and did not express a territorial or allodial status. He is best known as the recipient of Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg concertos
Mar 22 Anna Louise Föhse the daughter of Rudolf Föhse , the court pharmacist in Dessau, and his wife, Agnes Ohme.
Jun 18 Antonio Maria Bononcini an Italian cellist and composer, the younger brother of the better-known Giovanni Bononcini.
Jul 4 Pierluigi Carafa an Italian cardinal from the famous Neapolitan family of Italian nobles, clergy, and men of arts. He served the papacy as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals and as Dean of same College. He is currently buried at Sant'Andrea delle Fratte in Rome
Jul 13 Johann Georg Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin.
Jul 29 John Augustus Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Aug 27 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun an Austrian Generalfeldmarschall. The current spelling of the name, and the spelling used in his time, is mostly Abensperg
Sep 17 Stephen Hales an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology. He invented several devices, including a ventilator, a pneumatic trough and a surgical forceps for the removal of bladder stones. He was also a philanthropist and wrote a popular tract on alcoholic intemperance
Sep 18 Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt (1677–1708) a prince of Hesse-Darmstadt and Russian General.
Sep 27 Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari an Italian musical composer and maestro di cappella at Pistoia. He was born at Pisa. He gained his initial grounding in musical education from his father, a violinist originally from Rome who was employed in the service of the church of the Cavalieri di Stefano in Pisa
Sep 27 Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
Oct 5 Pietro Grimani a Venetian statesman who served as the 115th Doge of Venice from June 30, 1741 until his death. Grimani was a cultured and learned man, who wrote poetry and counted among his acquaintances Isaac Newton, who he had met while serving as a diplomat in England. He was succeeded as Doge by Francesco Loredan
Oct 20 Stanisław I King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire.
Nov 7 Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg a margravine of Baden. She had a place in the regency during the minority of her grandson in 1738-42
Nov 29 Guillaume Coustou the Elder a French sculptor and academician. Coustou was the younger brother of French sculptor Nicolas Coustou and the pupil of his mother's brother, Antoine Coysevox. Like his brother, he was employed by Louis XIV and Louis XV
Dec 6 Aleksander Benedykt Sobieski the son of John III Sobieski, King of Poland, and his wife, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien.