1679 in history

1679 events chronologically

Jan 24 King Charles II of England dissolves the Cavalier Parliament
Jun 1 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
Jul 2 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth
Aug 7 The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America
Sep 18 New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Top 7 most famous people born in 1679

Jan 5 Pietro Filippo Scarlatti an Italian composer, organist and choirmaster.
Jan 17 Charles III William Margrave of Baden-Durlach Margrave of Baden-Durlach between 1709 and 1738. He was the son of Margrave Frederick Magnus of Baden-Durlach and Augusta Maria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1715, he established Karlsruhe , where he built his residence. Karlsruhe has since grown to a large city. With the consolidation of public finances and the creation of a reliable administration, he laid the foundations for the reform policies of his grandson, Charles Frederick
Jan 24 Christian Wolff (philosopher) a German philosopher. The mountain Mons Wolff on the Moon got its name in his honor
May 29 Antonio Farnese Duke of Parma the eighth and final Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza. He married, in 1727, Enrichetta d'Este of Modena with the intention of begetting an heir; the marriage, however, was childless, leading to the succession of Charles of Spain–whose mother, Elisabeth Farnese, was Antonio's niece–to the ducal throne
Sep 11 Leopold Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine and Bar from 1690 to his death.
Oct 16 Jan Dismas Zelenka a Czech composer and musician of the Baroque period. His music is admired for its harmonic inventiveness and counterpoint
Nov 11 Firmin Abauzit a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Geneva during his final 40 years. Abauzit is also notable for proofreading or correcting the writings of Isaac Newton and other scholars

Top 7 most famous people died in 1679

Feb 3 Jan Steen a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century. Psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour are marks of his trade
Feb 5 Joost van den Vondel a Dutch writer and playwright. He is considered the most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the 17th century. His plays are the ones from that period that are still most frequently performed, and his epic Joannes de Boetgezant , on the life of John the Baptist, has been called the greatest Dutch epic
Aug 24 Jean François Paul de Gondi a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde.
Dec 4 Thomas Hobbes an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established social contract theory, the foundation of most later Western political philosophy
Dec 10 Francesco Barberini (1597–1679) an Italian Catholic Cardinal. The nephew of Pope Urban VIII , he benefited immensely from the nepotism practiced by his uncle. He was given various roles within the Vatican administration but his personal cultural interests, particularly in literature and the arts, meant that he became a highly significant patron. His secretary was the antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo who was also a discerning patron of the arts. Francesco was the elder brother of Cardinal Antonio Barberini and Taddeo Barberini who became Prince of Palestrina
Dec 20 John Maurice Prince of Nassau-Siegen count and prince of Nassau-Siegen, and Grand Master of the Order of Saint John.
Dec 31 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli a Renaissance Italian physiologist, physicist, and mathematician. He contributed to the modern principle of scientific investigation by continuing Galileo's custom of testing hypotheses against observation. Trained in mathematics, Borelli also made extensive studies of Jupiter's moons, the mechanics of animal locomotion and, in microscopy, of the constituents of blood. He also used microscopy to investigate the stomatal movement of plants, and undertook studies in medicine and geology. During his career, he enjoyed the patronage of Queen Christina of Sweden