Born in 1679

Jan 5 Pietro Filippo Scarlatti an Italian composer, organist and choirmaster.
Jan 17 Ignazio Stern a Baroque painter who worked in Rome, dying there in 1748.
Jan 17 Charles III William Margrave of Baden-Durlach Margrave of Baden-Durlach between 1709 and 1738. He was the son of Margrave Frederick Magnus of Baden-Durlach and Augusta Maria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1715, he established Karlsruhe , where he built his residence. Karlsruhe has since grown to a large city. With the consolidation of public finances and the creation of a reliable administration, he laid the foundations for the reform policies of his grandson, Charles Frederick
Jan 24 Christian Wolff (philosopher) a German philosopher. The mountain Mons Wolff on the Moon got its name in his honor
Jan 27 Jean François de Troy a French Rococo painter and tapestry designer. He was one of a family of painters, being the son of the portrait painter François de Troy , under whom he first studied, and at whose expense he first went to Italy from 1699 to 1706, staying in Rome, but also visiting many north Italian cities
Feb 14 Georg Friedrich Kauffmann a Baroque composer and organist from southern Germany who composed primarily sacred works for the organ and voice.
Feb 16 Friedrich Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Feb 22 Richard Lestock an officer in the Royal Navy, eventually rising to the rank of Admiral. He fought in a number of battles, and was a controversial figure, most remembered for his part in the defeat at the Battle of Toulon, and the subsequent court-martial
Mar 7 Carl Gyllenborg a Swedish statesman and author.
Apr 23 Johann Georg Liebknecht a German theologian and scientist. He was professor of mathematics and theology at the Ludoviciana in Giessen, Germany
May 14 Peder Horrebow a Danish astronomer. Born in Løgstør, Jutland to a poor family of fishermen, Horrebow entered the University of Copenhagen in 1703. He worked his way through grammar school and university by virtue of his technical knowledge: he repaired mechanical and musical instruments and cut seals. He received his MA from the university in 1716, and his MD in 1725. From 1703 to 1707, he served as an assistant to Ole Rømer and lived in Rømer's home. He worked as a household tutor from 1707 to 1711 to a Danish baron, and entered the governmental bureaucracy as an excise writer in 1711
May 29 Antonio Farnese Duke of Parma the eighth and final Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza. He married, in 1727, Enrichetta d'Este of Modena with the intention of begetting an heir; the marriage, however, was childless, leading to the succession of Charles of Spain–whose mother, Elisabeth Farnese, was Antonio's niece–to the ducal throne
Aug 7 Benedetto Erba Odescalchi an Italian Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan from 1712 to 1736.
Aug 22 Pierre Guérin de Tencin archbishop of Embrun and Lyon, and a cardinal. His sister Claudine was a spur to his career
Sep 11 Leopold Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine and Bar from 1690 to his death.
Sep 30 Jacques Cassard a French naval officer and privateer.
Oct 11 Christian Vater a German organ and harpsichord builder.
Oct 13 Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst was, by birth, a Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and, by marriage, a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. She was the maternal grandmother of George III of the United Kingdom
Oct 16 Jan Dismas Zelenka a Czech composer and musician of the Baroque period. His music is admired for its harmonic inventiveness and counterpoint
Oct 18 Ann Putnam Jr. an important witness at the Salem Witch Trials of Massachusetts during the later portion of 17th century Colonial America. Born 1679 in Salem Village, Essex County, Massachusetts, she was the eldest child of Thomas Putnam and Ann Carr. She was friends with some of the girls who claimed to be afflicted by witchcraft and, in March 1692, proclaimed to be afflicted herself. These accusations resulted in the execution of a number of people
Oct 20 Samuel von Cocceji a German official from the Electorate of the Palatinate who served Brandenburg-Prussia. He was the son of Heinrich von Cocceji
Nov 11 Firmin Abauzit a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Geneva during his final 40 years. Abauzit is also notable for proofreading or correcting the writings of Isaac Newton and other scholars
Dec 11 Pier Antonio Micheli a Catholic priest and noted Italian botanist, professor of botany in Pisa, curator of the Orto Botanico di Firenze, author of Nova plantarum genera iuxta Tournefortii methodum disposita. He discovered the spores of mushrooms, was a leading authority on cryptogams, and coined several important genera of microfungi including Aspergillus and Botrytis
Dec 24 Domenico Sarro an Italian composer.