1683 in history

1683 events chronologically

Mar 29 Yaoya Oshichi, 15-year-old Japanese girl, burnt at the stake for an act of arson committed due to unrequited love
Jun 6 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum
Jun 23 William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania
Jul 16 Manchu Qing Dynasty naval forces under traitorous commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands
Sep 12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna – several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
Sep 17 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of protozoa
Oct 3 The Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu

Top 7 most famous people born in 1683

Feb 28 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur a French scientist who contributed to many different fields, especially the study of insects. He introduced the Réaumur temperature scale
Mar 1 Caroline of Ansbach queen of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
Mar 1 6th Dalai Lama the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a Monpa by ethnicity and was born at Urgelling Monastery, 5 kilometres from Tawang Town, India and not far from the large Tawang Monastery in the northwestern part of present-day Arunachal Pradesh
May 9 Burkhard Christoph von Münnich a German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire. He was the major Russian Army reformer and founder of several elite military formations during the reign of Anna of Russia. As a statesman, he is regarded as the founder of Russian Philhellenism. Münnich also was a hereditary engineer and a specialist in hydrotechnology. He had the grade of count of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. For all his contributions he is rather a forgotten Russian hero, whose resting place was later desecrated by the Soviet Army
Sep 7 Maria Anna of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. She was also Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband King John V of Portugal
Sep 25 Jean-Philippe Rameau one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin
Dec 19 Philip V of Spain King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his own death.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1683

Jan 21 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury also remembered as the patron of John Locke.
Mar 6 Guarino Guarini an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque, active in Turin as well as Sicily, France, and Portugal. He was a Theatine priest, mathematician, and writer
Jul 30 Maria Theresa of Spain Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife of King Louis XIV. Famed for her virtue and piety, she was only barely able to fulfill her duty as queen by producing a male heir to the throne, since five of her six children died in early childhood. She is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many illicit love affairs
Sep 6 Jean-Baptiste Colbert a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His relentless hard work and thrift made him an esteemed minister. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy. Historians note that, despite Colbert's efforts, France actually became increasingly impoverished because of the King's excessive spending on wars. Colbert worked to create a favourable balance of trade and increase France's colonial holdings
Sep 12 Afonso VI of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves, the second of the House of Braganza, known as "the Victorious".
Dec 7 Algernon Sidney an English politician and member of the Long Parliament. A republican political theorist, colonel, and commissioner of the trial of King Charles I of England, he opposed the king's execution. Sidney was later charged with plotting against the King, in part based on his work, Discourses Concerning Government, used by the prosecution as a witness at his trial. He was executed for treason. After his death, Sidney was revered as a "Whig patriot–hero and martyr"
Dec 25 Kara Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's last attempts at expansion into both Central and Eastern Europe.