Born in 1683

Jan 13 Christoph Graupner a German harpsichordist and composer of high Baroque music who lived and worked at the same time as Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Philipp Telemann and George Frideric Handel.
Jan 14 Gottfried Silbermann a German builder of keyboard instruments. He built harpsichords, clavichords, organs, and fortepianos; his modern reputation rests mainly on the latter two
Feb 9 Alexander von Dönhoff a Prussian lieutenant-general and confidant of King Friedrich Wilhelm I.
Feb 28 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur a French scientist who contributed to many different fields, especially the study of insects. He introduced the Réaumur temperature scale
Mar 1 Caroline of Ansbach queen of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
Mar 1 6th Dalai Lama the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a Monpa by ethnicity and was born at Urgelling Monastery, 5 kilometres from Tawang Town, India and not far from the large Tawang Monastery in the northwestern part of present-day Arunachal Pradesh
Mar 12 John Theophilus Desaguliers a French-born British natural philosopher, clergyman, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton. He had studied at Oxford and later popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications in public lectures. Desaguliers’s most important patron was James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos. As a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the establishment of the first Grand Lodge formed in London in 1717 and served as their third Grand Master
Mar 13 Johann Wilhelm Weinmann noted for his creation of the florilegium Phytanthoza iconographia between 1737 and 1745, an ambitious project which resulted in eight folio volumes with more than 1,000 hand-coloured engravings of several thousand plants. The work is thought to have inspired similar works, such as the Japanese medicinal work "Honzo Zufu" by Iwasaki Tsunemasa, and "Somoku-dzusetsu" by Yokusai Iinuma
Apr 17 Johann David Heinichen a German Baroque composer and music theorist who brought the musical genius of Venice to the court of Augustus the Strong in Dresden. Heinichen's music lingered in obscurity for a long time
May 9 Burkhard Christoph von Münnich a German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire. He was the major Russian Army reformer and founder of several elite military formations during the reign of Anna of Russia. As a statesman, he is regarded as the founder of Russian Philhellenism. Münnich also was a hereditary engineer and a specialist in hydrotechnology. He had the grade of count of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. For all his contributions he is rather a forgotten Russian hero, whose resting place was later desecrated by the Soviet Army
May 15 Christian Ludwig II Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1747 to 1756.
May 29 Antoine Pesne a French-born court painter of Prussia. Starting in the manner of baroque, he became one of the fathers of rococo in painting
May 31 Jean-Pierre Christin a French physicist, mathematician, astronomer and musician. His proposal to reverse the Celsius thermometer scale was widely accepted and is still in use today
Jun 7 Paghtasar Dpir A leading figure during the revitalization period of Armenian culture as a poet, musician, scientist, printer, and a luminary of national and educational movements
Jun 23 Étienne Fourmont a French scholar and Orientalist who served as professor of Arabic at the Collège de France and published grammars on the Arabic, Hebrew, and Chinese languages.
Jul 25 Pieter Langendijk a damask weaver, city artist, dramatist, and poet.
Jul 26 Carlo Alberto Guidoboni Cavalchini an Italian Cardinal. Considered papabile in the Papal conclave, 1758, he was vetoed by Louis XV of France under the jus exclusivae
Jul 30 Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach Countess of erbach-erbach by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. From 1724 to 1728, she was Regent of this Thuringian state
Aug 18 Christian Ernest II Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Sep 7 Maria Anna of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. She was also Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband King John V of Portugal
Sep 19 Lorenz Heister a German anatomist, surgeon and botanist born in Frankfurt am Main.
Sep 25 Jean-Philippe Rameau one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin
Oct 25 Charles FitzRoy 2nd Duke of Grafton an Irish and English politician.
Nov 7 Anton thor Helle the translator of the first Bible in Estonian in 1739, and the first Estonian grammar. The New Testament was a North Estonian revision of the 1648 version by Johannes Gutslaff author of Observationes Grammaticae circa linguam Esthonicam, and Helle's version was revised many times, including by Malm in 1896
Nov 30 Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller originally from Franconia and had settled in Carinthia.
Dec 19 Philip V of Spain King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his own death.
Dec 21 Carlo Bergonzi (luthier) considered the greatest pupil of Antonio Stradivari.
Dec 27 Conyers Middleton an English clergyman. Mired in controversy and disputes, and with a reputation as an unbeliever, he was also considered one of the best stylists in English of his time