Died in 1683

Jan 15 Philip Warwick the son of Thomas Warwick, or Warrick, a musician.
Jan 21 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury also remembered as the patron of John Locke.
Jan 28 Julian Maunoir a French-born Jesuit priest known as the "Apostle of Brittany". He was beatified in 1951 by Pope Pius XII and is commemorated by the Roman Catholic Church on 29 January and 2 July
Feb 3 Randal MacDonnell 1st Marquess of Antrim (1645 creation) a Roman Catholic landed magnate in Scotland and Ireland, son of the 1st Earl of Antrim. He was also chief of Clan MacDonnell of Antrim. He is best known for his involvement, mostly on the Royalist side, in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
Feb 18 Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem a highly esteemed and prolific Dutch Golden Age painter of pastoral landscapes, populated with mythological or biblical figures, but also of a number of allegories and genre pieces.
Mar 6 Guarino Guarini an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque, active in Turin as well as Sicily, France, and Portugal. He was a Theatine priest, mathematician, and writer
Mar 19 Thomas Killigrew an English dramatist and theatre manager. He was a witty, dissolute figure at the court of King Charles II of England
Mar 29 Yaoya Oshichi a daughter of the greengrocer Tarobei. who lived in the Hongō neighborhood of Edo at the beginning of the Edo period. She was burned at the stake for attempting to commit arson. The story became the subject of joruri plays. The year of her birth is sometimes given as 1666
May 2 Stjepan Gradić a Croatian philosopher and scientist and a patrician of the Republic of Ragusa.
May 15 John Ernest II Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was the second but eldest surviving son of William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
Jun 4 Wolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg an Auxiliary Bishop in the Diocese of Köln and elected Prince-Bishop of Breslau shortly before his death.
Jun 24 Nicholas van Hoorn a merchant sailor, privateer and pirate. He was born in the Netherlands and died near Veracruz after being wounded on the Isla de Sacrificios. Nikolaas or Klaas was engaged in the Dutch merchant service from about 1655 until 1659, and then bought a vessel with his savings. With a band of reckless men whom he had enlisted, he became a terror to the commerce of the Netherlands and Spain. Later he had several ships in his employment and obtained such notoriety that some governments were willing to employ him against their enemies
Jul 5 Turhan Hatice Sultan prominent for the regency of her young son and her building patronage.
Jul 7 Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel the daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg a sister of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg.
Jul 10 François Eudes de Mézeray a French historian.
Jul 13 Arthur Capell 1st Earl of Essex sometimes spelled Capel, was an English statesman.
Jul 21 William Russell Lord Russell an English politician. He was a leading member of the Country Party, forerunners of the Whigs, who laid the groundwork opposition in the House of Commons of England to the concept of a reign of an openly Catholic King during the reign of King Charles II but ultimately resulted in his execution for treason, almost two years before King Charles died and James acceded to the throne
Jul 30 Maria Theresa of Spain Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife of King Louis XIV. Famed for her virtue and piety, she was only barely able to fulfill her duty as queen by producing a male heir to the throne, since five of her six children died in early childhood. She is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many illicit love affairs
Aug 18 Charles Hart (17th-century actor) a prominent British Restoration actor.
Aug 24 Matsudaira Tadateru a daimyo during the Edo period of Japan. He was the sixth son of Tokugawa Ieyasu. He was born in Edo Castle during the year of the dragon , and as a child his name was Tatsuchiyo. His mother was Lady Chaa , a concubine of Ieyasu. Ieyasu sent the boy to live with a vassal, Minagawa Hiroteru, daimyo of the Minagawa Domain in Shimotsuke Province
Aug 24 John Owen (theologian) an English Nonconformist church leader, theologian, and academic administrator at the University of Oxford.
Sep 6 Jean-Baptiste Colbert a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His relentless hard work and thrift made him an esteemed minister. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy. Historians note that, despite Colbert's efforts, France actually became increasingly impoverished because of the King's excessive spending on wars. Colbert worked to create a favourable balance of trade and increase France's colonial holdings
Sep 12 Afonso VI of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves, the second of the House of Braganza, known as "the Victorious".
Sep 12 Juraj Križanić often regarded as the earliest recorded pan-Slavist.
Oct 25 William Scroggs merely a rumour.
Nov 10 Robert Morison a Scottish botanist and taxonomist. A forerunner of John Ray, he elucidated and developed the first systematic classification of plants
Nov 18 Louis Count of Vermandois the eldest surviving son of Louis XIV of France and his mistress Louise de La Vallière.
Nov 18 Innocent Gizel a Prussian-born historian, writer, political and ecclesiastic figure, who had adopted Orthodox Christianity and made substantional contribution to Russian and Ukrainian culture.
Dec 7 Algernon Sidney an English politician and member of the Long Parliament. A republican political theorist, colonel, and commissioner of the trial of King Charles I of England, he opposed the king's execution. Sidney was later charged with plotting against the King, in part based on his work, Discourses Concerning Government, used by the prosecution as a witness at his trial. He was executed for treason. After his death, Sidney was revered as a "Whig patriot–hero and martyr"
Dec 9 John Oldham (poet) an English satirical poet and translator.
Dec 13 Anna Sophia II Abbess of Quedlinburg a German noblewoman who reigned as Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg under the name Anna Sophia II.
Dec 14 Dominik Potocki a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman of the Potocki family and politician, Treasurer of the Crown Court. He was married to Konstancją Truskolaską, daughter of Mikołaj Truskolaski, chamberlain of Halicz. His son was Jakub Potocki
Dec 15 Izaak Walton an English writer. Best known as the author of The Compleat Angler, he also wrote a number of short biographies that have been collected under the title of Walton's Lives
Dec 15 Mikołaj Hieronim Sieniawski a Polish noble , military leader, politician.
Dec 25 Kara Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's last attempts at expansion into both Central and Eastern Europe.
Dec 27 Maria Francisca of Savoy twice queen consort of Portugal as the spouse of two Portuguese kings. She first became queen of Portugal at the age of 20 on the day of her marriage to Afonso Since the marriage was never consummated, she was able to obtain an annulment. On 28 March 1668, she married Afonso's brother, the Infante Peter, Duke of Beja, who was appointed prince regent the same year due to Afonso's perceived incompetence. Maria Francisca became queen of Portugal for the second time when Peter succeeded his brother as Peter II in 1683. She herself died later that year