Born in 1684

Jan 1 Arnold Drakenborch a Dutch classical scholar.
Jan 14 Johann Matthias Hase a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
Jan 14 Jean-Baptiste van Loo a French subject and portrait painter.
Feb 16 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský a Czech composer, organist and teacher of the baroque era. He wrote among other works motets, other choral works and organ solo works
Feb 24 Matthias Braun a sculptor and carver active in the Czech lands, one of the most prominent late baroque style sculptors in the area.
Mar 19 Jean Astruc a professor of medicine at Montpellier and Paris, who wrote the first great treatise on syphilis and venereal diseases, and also, with a small anonymously published book, played a fundamental part in the origins of critical textual analysis of works of scripture. Astruc was the first to try to demonstrate — using the techniques of textual analysis that were commonplace in studying the secular classics — the theory that Genesis was composed based on several sources or manuscript traditions, an approach that is called the documentary hypothesis
Mar 22 William Pulteney 1st Earl of Bath sometimes stated to have been Prime Minister, for the shortest term ever , though most modern sources reckon that he cannot be considered to have held the office.
Mar 22 Matthias Bel a Slovak Lutheran pastor and polymath from the Kingdom of Hungary. He is also known as the Great Ornament of Hungary. He described himself as "lingua Sla-vus, natione Hungarus, eruditione Germanus"
Mar 24 Samuel von Schmettau a Prussian field marshal.
Mar 28 Tekle Haymanot I nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Iyasu I and Empress Malakotawit. He is often referred to as "Irgum Tekle Haymanot" or "Tekle Haymanot the Cursed"
Mar 31 Francesco Durante a Neapolitan composer.
Apr 15 Catherine I of Russia the second wife of Peter I of Russia, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death.
May 5 Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné the wife of Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles. She was the niece of Françoise d'Aubigné, Madame de Maintenon, and her heiress
May 24 Charles Alexander Duke of Württemberg a Württemberg noble from 1698 who governed the Kingdom of Serbia as regent from 1720 until 1733, when he assumed the position of Duke of Württemberg, which he had held until his death.
May 27 Wilhelm Reinhard von Neipperg an Austrian general.
Jun 6 Nathaniel Lardner an English theologian.
Jun 22 Francesco Manfredini an Italian Baroque composer, violinist, and church musician.
Sep 18 Johann Gottfried Walther a German music theorist, organist, composer, and lexicographer of the Baroque era.
Sep 22 Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet duc de Belle-Isle a French general and statesman.
Oct 10 Jean-Antoine Watteau a French painter whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical Rococo
Oct 26 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, one of the leading commanders under Frederick the Great.
Nov 12 Edward Vernon an English naval officer. Vernon was born in Westminster and went to Westminster School. He joined the Royal Navy in 1700 and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1702. After five years as Lieutenant, he was appointed Captain in 1706. His first command was the HMS Rye, part of the fleet of Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell
Nov 16 Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst a British politician.
Nov 27 Tokugawa Yoshimune the eighth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, ruling from 1716 until his abdication in 1745. He was the son of Tokugawa Mitsusada, the grandson of Tokugawa Yorinobu, and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Dec 3 Ludvig Holberg a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian double monarchy, who spent most of his adult life in Denmark. He was influenced by Humanism, the Enlightenment and the Baroque. Holberg is considered the founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, and is best known for the comedies he wrote in 1722–1723 for the Lille Grønnegade Theatre in Copenhagen. Holberg's works about natural and common law were widely read by many Danish law students over two hundred years, from 1736 to 1936
Dec 15 James Jurin an English scientist and physician, particularly remembered for his early work in capillary action and in the epidemiology of smallpox vaccination. He was a staunch proponent of the work of Sir Isaac Newton and often used his gift for satire in Newton's defence
Dec 21 Ippolito Desideri an Italian Jesuit missionary in Tibet and the first European to have successfully studied and understood Tibetan language and culture.