Died in 1684

Jan 4 Louis-Isaac Lemaistre de Sacy a theologian and French humanist. He is best known for his translation of the Bible the most widespread French Bible in the 18th century, also known as the Bible de Port-Royal
Jan 10 Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac the Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Jan 11 Cornelis Speelman Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1681 to 1684.
Jan 15 Alvise Contarini the 106th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on August 26, 1676 until his death seven and a half years later. He was the eighth and final member of the House of Contarini to serve as Doge of Venice
Jan 15 Caspar Netscher a Dutch portrait and genre painter. He was a master in depicting oriental rugs, silk and brocade and introduced an international style to the Northern Netherlands
Feb 6 Ernst Bogislaw von Croÿ a Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Cammin and official in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia.
Mar 24 Pieter de Hooch a Dutch Golden Age painter famous for his genre scenes of quiet domestic scenes with a few figures. He was a contemporary of Jan Vermeer, with whom his work shares themes and style
Apr 5 Karl Eusebius Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein. He inherited this title in 1627 from his father Karl He was 16 and thus considered underage and his uncles Prince Gundakar and Maximillian acted as regents until 1632. From 1639 to 1641 Karl was Chief Captain of High and Low Silesia
Apr 5 William Brouncker 2nd Viscount Brouncker an English mathematician who introduced Brouncker's formula, and was the first President of the Royal Society.
Apr 12 Nicola Amati an Italian luthier from Cremona.
Apr 13 Nicolás Antonio a Spanish bibliographer born in Seville.
Apr 18 Gonzales Coques a Flemish Baroque painter.
Apr 24 Rudolf Capell a German historian, linguist and pedagogue. He was renowned internationally as one of the great learned men of his time
Apr 26 Jan Davidsz. de Heem a still life painter who was active in Utrecht and Antwerp. He is a major representative of that genre in both Dutch and Flemish Baroque painting
May 4 John Nevison one of Britain's most notorious highwaymen, a gentleman rogue supposedly nicknamed Swift Nick by King Charles II after a renowned 200-mile dash from Kent to York to establish an alibi for a robbery he had committed earlier that day. The story inspired William Harrison Ainsworth to include a modified version in his novel Rookwood, in which he attributed the feat to Dick Turpin. There are suggestions that the feat was actually undertaken by one Samuel Nicks
May 8 Mikołaj Stefan Pac a Polish nobleman, voivode of Troki since 1651, castelan of Wilno since 1670, bishop of Wilno since 1671.
May 12 Edme Mariotte a French physicist and priest.
Jun 20 Thomas Armstrong (politician) an army officer and Member of Parliament executed for treason. His father, Colonel Sir Thomas Armstrong fought in the 30 Years War in the Netherlands, was a royalist soldier during the English Civil War, and was twice imprisoned in the Tower of London by Oliver Cromwell during the Commonwealth
Jul 6 Peter Gunning an English Royalist church leader, Bishop of Chichester and later of Ely.
Jul 12 John Rogers (Harvard) an English academic in early Colonial America. Eldest son of minister Nathaniel Rogers, he was born in Coggeshall, a small town in Essex, and immigrated to New England with his family in 1636. In 1649, at age 19, in the recent settlement of Cambridge , he earned a B.A. from Harvard College which, only seven years earlier, in 1642, had graduated its first class of students. In 1652, following an additional three years of study, he received an M.A. and, in 1660, married Elizabeth Denison of Ipswich
Jul 22 Josefa de Óbidos a Spanish-born, Portuguese painter from the seventeenth century. Her birth name was Josefa de Ayala Figueira, but she signed her work as, "Josefa em Óbidos" or, "Josefa de Ayalla". She is one of the relatively few female European painters known to have been active in the Baroque era. All of her work was executed in Portugal, her father's native country, where she lived from the age of four
Jul 26 Elena Cornaro Piscopia a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, and the first woman to receive a doctoral degree from a university.
Aug 8 George Booth 1st Baron Delamer styled Sir George Booth, 2nd Bt, from 1652 to 1661, until his elevation to the House of Lords as an English peer.
Sep 10 Johann Rosenmüller a German Baroque composer, who played a part in transmitting Italian musical styles to the north.
Sep 20 Kim Seok-ju one of the Neo-Confucian scholars, politicians and writers of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. His nickname was Shigam , a courtesy name was Sabaik. He was a cousin of Queen Myunseong. He was prime minister of the Joseon Dynasty in 1680
Oct 1 Pierre Corneille a French tragedian, and one of the three great seventeenth-century French dramatists, along with Molière and Racine.
Oct 15 Géraud de Cordemoy a French philosopher, historian and lawyer. He is mainly known for his works in metaphysics and for his theory of language
Oct 24 Duchess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp as the spouse of Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp.
Dec 29 Antoine Gombaud a French writer, born in Poitou. Although he was not a nobleman, he adopted the title Chevalier for the character in his dialogues who represented his own views. Later his friends began calling him by that name