1686 in history

1686 events chronologically

May 4 The Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines
Jul 22 Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan

Top 7 most famous people born in 1686

Jan 31 Hans Egede a Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland. He established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk
Apr 19 Vasily Tatishchev a prominent Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the author of the first full-scale Russian history. Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy is the perfect form of government for Russia
May 24 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer , and for developing a temperature scale now named after him.
Jul 31 Charles Duke of Berry (1686–1714) a grandson of Louis XIV of France. Although he was only a grandson of Louis XIV, Berry held the rank of fils de France , rather than petit-fils de France , as the son of the Dauphin, heir apparent to the throne. The Duke of Berry was for seven years heir presumptive to the throne of Spain
Aug 1 Benedetto Marcello an Italian composer, writer, advocate, magistrate, and teacher.
Aug 17 Nicola Porpora a Neapolitan composer of Baroque operas and teacher of singing, whose most famous singing student was the castrato Farinelli. Other students included composers Matteo Capranica and Joseph Haydn
Oct 12 Sylvius Leopold Weiss a German composer and lutenist.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1686

Jan 17 Carlo Dolci an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Florence, known for highly finished religious pictures, often repeated in many versions.
Jan 21 François Blondel a soldier, engineer of fortifications, diplomat, civil engineer and military architect, called "the Great Blondel", to distinguish him in a dynasty of French architects. He is remembered for his Cours d'architecture which remained a central text for over a century. His precepts placed him in opposition with Claude Perrault in the larger culture war known under the heading Querelle des anciens et des modernes. If François Blondel was not the most highly reputed among the académiciens of his day, his were the writings that most generally circulated among the general public, the Cours de Mathématiques, the Art de jetter les Bombes, the Nouvelle manière de fortifier les places and, above all his Cours d'Architecture
Apr 6 Arthur Annesley 1st Earl of Anglesey an Anglo-Irish royalist statesman. After short periods as President of the Council of State and Treasurer of the Navy, he served as Lord Privy Seal between 1673 and 1682 for Charles He succeeded his father as 2nd Viscount Valentia in 1660, and he was created Earl of Anglesey in 1661
May 11 Otto von Guericke a German scientist, inventor, and politician. His major scientific achievements were the establishment of the physics of vacuums, the discovery of an experimental method for clearly demonstrating electrostatic repulsion, and his advocacy of the reality of "action at a distance" and of "absolute space"
Nov 25 Nicolas Steno a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became Catholic bishop in his later years. Steno was trained in the classical texts on science; however, by 1659 he seriously questioned accepted knowledge of the natural world. Importantly he questioned explanations for tear production, the idea that fossils grew in the ground and explanations of rock formation. His investigations and his subsequent conclusions on fossils and rock formation have led scholars to consider him one of the founders of modern stratigraphy and modern geology
Dec 6 Eleonora Gonzaga (1630–1686) Holy Roman Empress as the wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.
Dec 11 Louis Grand Condé a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. For his military prowess he was renowned as le Grand Condé