Born in 1687

Jan 27 Balthasar Neumann a German military artillery engineer and architect who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture, fusing Austrian, Bohemian, Italian, and French elements to design some of the most impressive buildings of the period, including the Würzburg Residence and the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, called Vierzehnheiligen in German.
Feb 1 Johann Adam Birkenstock a German composer and violinist. He was regarded as one of the foremost violinists in his days
Feb 23 Gustaf Otto Douglas a Swedish mercenary, grandson of Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge. He was captured by Russians during the Battle of Poltava. He was eventually employed by the Russian army during the Great Northern War, and in 1717 was placed in charge of the occupation of Finland. While resident in Turku, Douglas is reputed to have killed a Russian attendant during festivities of some kind. After being sentenced to imprisonment, Douglas bought his freedom with the lives of two hundred Finns, followed by the same number of horses, one from each of the families of these men. Douglas is believed to have made several inhumane pronouncements on the scorched earth policy he employed during the occupation of Finland. By making the land uninhabited and uninhabitable, he sought to leave nothing for his former employers the Swedes to retake. He is generally believed to have been a more cruel and sadistic figure even than his Russian superiors, and bears comparison with Kurtz of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, particularly when one considers the 10,000 slaves estimated to have been taken to Russia from Finland during the Greater Wrath
Mar 7 Jean Lebeuf a French historian.
Mar 15 Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski a Polish nobleman. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1727
Mar 16 Sophia Dorothea of Hanover a Queen consort in Prussia as wife of Frederick William She was the sister of George II of Great Britain and the mother of Frederick II of Prussia.
May 12 Johann Heinrich Schulze a German professor and polymath from Colbitz in the Duchy of Magdeburg.
Jun 7 Gaetano Berenstadt best remembered for his association with the composer George Frideric Handel. Berenstadt created roles in three of Handel's operas. Berenstadt's parents were German and his father was timpanist to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. By the end of his 27-year-long career Berenstadt had sung in 55 dramatic works, 33 of which were newly composed
Jun 13 Paolo Antonio Rolli an Italian librettist and poet.
Jun 24 Johann Albrecht Bengel a Lutheran pietist clergyman and Greek-language scholar known for his edition of the Greek New Testament and his commentaries on it.
Aug 26 Henry Carey (writer) an English poet, dramatist and song-writer. He is remembered as an anti-Walpolean satirist and also as a patriot. Several of his melodies continue to be sung today, and he was widely praised in the generation after his death. Because he worked in anonymity, selling his own compositions to others to pass off as their own, contemporary scholarship can only be certain of some of his poetry, and a great deal of the music he composed was written for theatrical incidental music. However, under his own name and hand, he was a prolific song writer and balladeer, and he wrote the lyrics for almost all of these songs. Further, he wrote numerous operas and plays. His life is illustrative of the professional author in the early 18th century. Without inheritance or title or governmental position, he wrote for all of the remunerative venues, and yet he also kept his own political point of view and was able to score significant points against the ministry of the day. Further, he was one of the leading lights of the new "Patriotic" movement in drama
Aug 27 Giuseppe Simone Assemani a Lebanese Maronite orientalist.
Sep 17 Durastante Natalucci an Italian historian who specialized in history of Trevi, in Umbria.
Oct 14 Robert Simson a Scottish mathematician and professor of mathematics at the University of Glasgow. The pedal line of a triangle is sometimes called the "Simson line" after him
Oct 21 Nicolaus I Bernoulli a Swiss mathematician and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family.
Oct 22 Anton Ulrich Duke of Saxe-Meiningen Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1746 to 1763.
Nov 7 William Stukeley an English antiquarian who pioneered the archaeological investigation of the prehistoric monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury, work for which he has been remembered as "probably... the most important of the early forerunners of the discipline of archaeology". Stukeley was also one of the first biographers of Isaac Newton, of whom he was a friend. He was an Anglican clergyman
Nov 23 Jean Baptiste Senaillé a French born Baroque composer and violin virtuoso. His father was a member of Les Vingt-quatre Violons du Roi. Senaillé studied under Jean-Baptiste Anet, Giovanni Antonio Piani and in Italy under Tomaso Antonio Vitali and imported Italian musical techniques and pieces into the French court. He wrote around 50 violin sonatas. He is most well known for a fast 2/4 movement from one of these sonatas, Allegro Spiritoso, which has had versions published transcribed for a wide variety of instruments, from violoncello to bassoon to euphonium
Dec 5 Francesco Geminiani an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.
Dec 26 Johann Georg Pisendel a German Baroque musician, violinist and composer who, for many years, led the Court Orchestra in Dresden, then the finest instrumental ensemble in Europe.