Born in 1688

Jan 18 Lionel Sackville 1st Duke of Dorset an English political leader and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Jan 23 Ulrika Eleonora Queen of Sweden queen regnant of Sweden from 5 December 1718 to 29 February 1720, and then queen consort until her death.
Jan 25 Juraj Jánošík a famous Slovak highwayman. Jánošík has been the main character of many Slovak and Polish legends, novels, poems and films. He is a semi-legendary character in Central Europe
Jan 29 Emanuel Swedenborg a Swedish scientist, philosopher, theologian, revelator, and mystic. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell
Feb 4 Pierre de Marivaux a French novelist and dramatist.
Feb 5 Maurice Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
Apr 4 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle a French astronomer and cartographer.
Apr 15 Johann Georg Bergmüller a painter, particularly of frescoes, of the Baroque.
Apr 15 Johann Friedrich Fasch a German violinist and composer.
Apr 19 Ernest Augustus I Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Weimar and, from 1741, of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
May 6 Charles Parrocel a French painter and engraver and a specialist in battle and hunt paintings.
May 21 Alexander Pope an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer. Famous for his use of the heroic couplet, he is the third-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, after Shakespeare and Tennyson
Jun 10 James Francis Edward Stuart the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland. As such, he claimed the English, Scottish and Irish thrones from the death of his father in 1701, when he was recognised as king of England, Scotland and Ireland by his cousin Louis XIV of France. Following his death in 1766, he was succeeded by his son Charles Edward Stuart in the Jacobite Succession. Had his father not been deposed, there would have been only two monarchs during his lifetime; his father and himself. In reality, there were seven; his father, William III, Mary II, Anne, George I, George II and George III. Although the ruling Protestant Stuarts died out with his half-sister, Queen Anne, the last remaining Stuarts were James and his sons, and their endeavours to reclaim the throne while remaining devoted to their Catholic faith are remembered in history as Jacobitism
Jun 23 John Louis II Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dornburg. After 1742 he became ruler over the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Jul 6 Jean Baptiste Loeillet of Ghent a Belgian composer, born in Ghent. He spent the largest part of his life in France in service to the archbishop of Lyon, Paul-François de Neufville de Villeroy. He wrote many works for flute, including trio sonatas, unaccompanied sonatas for 2 flutes, and solo sonatas. He died in Lyons around 1720
Jul 19 Giuseppe Castiglione (Jesuit) S.J. was an Italian Jesuit lay brother who served as a missionary in China, where he became a painter at the court of the emperor
Aug 14 Frederick William I of Prussia the King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death. He was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel
Aug 17 Maria Luisa of Savoy a Savoyard princess and the first wife of Philip V of Spain. She acted as Regent of Spain and had great influence over her husband. She is closely associated with Princesse des Ursins
Aug 26 Egidio Forcellini born at Fener in the district of Treviso and belonged to a very poor family.
Sep 6 Laurence Eusden an English poet who became Poet Laureate in 1718.
Sep 12 Ferdinand Brokoff a sculptor and carver of the Baroque era.
Sep 17 Mikhail Petrovich Bestuzhev-Ryumin a Russian diplomat. He was the son of Pyotr Bestuzhev and elder brother of the more famous Aleksey Bestuzhev
Sep 26 Willem 's Gravesande a Dutch lawyer and natural philosopher, chiefly remembered for developing experimental demonstrations of the laws of classical mechanics. As professor of mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy at Leiden University, he helped to propagate Isaac Newton's ideas in Continental Europe
Oct 17 Domenico Zipoli an Italian Baroque composer who worked and died in Córdoba. He became a Jesuit in order to work in the Reductions of Paraguay where his musical expertise contributed to develop the natural musical talents of the Guaranis. He is remembered as the most accomplished musician among Jesuit missionaries
Oct 19 William Cheselden an English surgeon and teacher of anatomy and surgery, who was influential in establishing surgery as a scientific medical profession.
Oct 26 Augustin Friedrich Walther a German anatomist, botanist and physician who was a native of Wittenberg. He was the son of theologian Michael Walther the Younger
Nov 3 Jai Singh II the Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Amber. He was born at Amber, the capital of the Kachwahas. He became ruler of Amber at the age of 11 after his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died on 31 December 1699. On 21 April 1721, the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah bestowed upon him the title of Saramad-i-Rajaha-i-Hind and on 2 June 1723, the emperor further bestowed him the titles of Raj Rajeshvar, Shri Rajadhiraj and Maharaja Sawai. "Sawai" means one and a quarter times superior to his contemporaries. These titles adorn his descendants even to this date. He had a great interest in mathematics, architecture and astronomy
Nov 13 Noël-Antoine Pluche a French priest. He is now known for his Spectacle de la nature, a most popular work of natural history
Nov 15 Louis Bertrand Castel a French mathematician born in Montpellier, and entered the order of the Jesuits in 1703. Having studied literature, he afterwards devoted himself entirely to mathematics and natural philosophy. He wrote several scientific works, that which attracted most attention at the time being his Optique des couleurs , or treatise on the melody of colors. He also wrote Traité de physique sur la pesanteur universelle des corps , Mathématique universelle , and a critical account of the system of Sir Isaac Newton in 1743