Died in 1689

Jan 6 Seth Ward (bishop of Salisbury) an English mathematician, astronomer, and bishop.
Jan 27 Robert Aske (merchant) a merchant in the City of London. He is remembered primarily for the charitable foundation created from his estate, which nowadays operates two schools in Hertfordshire, Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School and Haberdashers' Aske's School for Girls, and others elsewhere
Feb 12 Marie Louise of Orléans (1662–1689) Queen consort of Spain from 1679 to 1689 as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain. She was a granddaughter of Louis XIII of France; this made her a petite-fille de France. In her adopted country, she was known as María Luisa de Orleans
Feb 18 Alexander Farnese Prince of Parma an Italian military leader, who was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1678 until 1682.
Feb 21 Isaac Vossius a Dutch scholar and manuscript collector.
Feb 25 Khushal Khan Khattak a Pashtun poet, warrior and scholar, and chief of the Khattak tribe of the Pashtuns. Khushal preached the union of all Pashtuns, and encouraged revolt against the Mughal Empire promoting Pashtun nationalism through poetry. Khushal is the first Afghan mentor who presents his theories for the unity of the Pashtun tribes against foreign forces and the creation of a nation-state. Khushal wrote many works in Pashto but also a few in Persian. Khushal is considered the "father of Pashto literature" and the national poet of Afghanistan
Mar 11 Sambhaji the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, and his first wife Saibai. He was successor of the realm after his father's death. Sambhaji's rule was largely shaped by the ongoing wars between the Maratha kingdom and the Mughal Empire, as well as other neighbouring powers such as the Siddis, Mysore and the Portuguese in Goa. Sambhaji was captured, tortured, and executed by the Mughals, and succeeded by his brother Rajaram
Mar 18 John Dixwell an English man who sat in Parliament, fought for the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War, and was one of the Commissioners who sat in judgement on King Charles I and condemned him to death. At the Restoration he fled to Connecticut where he lived out the rest of his life as John Davids untroubled by the authorities who thought him dead
Mar 30 Kazimierz Łyszczyński a Polish nobleman, landowner in Brest Litovsk Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, philosopher, and soldier in the ranks of the Sapieha family, who was accused, tried, and executed for atheism in 1689.
Apr 16 Aphra Behn a prolific dramatist of the English Restoration, one of the first English professional female literary writers. Along with Delarivier Manley and Eliza Haywood, she is sometimes referred to as part of "The fair triumvirate of wit."
Apr 18 George Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys a Welsh judge. He became notable during the reign of King James II, rising to the position of Lord Chancellor. His conduct as a judge was to enforce royal policy, resulting in a historical reputation for severity and bias
Apr 19 Christina Queen of Sweden Queen regnant of Sweden from 1633 to 1654, using the titles of Queen of Swedes, Goths, and Vandals, Grand Princess of Finland, and Duchess of Ingria, Estonia, Livonia and Karelia. She was the only surviving legitimate child of King Gustav II Adolph and his wife Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. As the heiress presumptive, at the age of six she succeeded her father on the throne of Sweden upon his death at the Battle of Lützen. Being the daughter of a Protestant champion in the Thirty Years' War, she caused a scandal when she abdicated her throne and converted to Roman Catholicism in 1654. She spent her later years in Rome, becoming a leader of the theatrical and musical life there. As a queen without a country, she protected many artists and projects. She is one of the few women buried in the Vatican grotto
Jun 8 Decio Azzolino an Italian Catholic Cardinal, code-breaker, investigator and leader of the Squadrone Volante.
Jun 10 Christophe Veyrier a French sculptor, the nephew and follower of Pierre Puget.
Jul 7 Princess Louise of Savoy a Savoyard Princess by birth. She was the mother of Louis, Margrave of Baden-Baden, the famous chief commander of the Imperial army
Jul 8 Edward Wooster an English early settler of Colonial America, and "the first permanent settler in Derby", Connecticut.
Jul 23 Frederick Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg by birth Count Palatine of Neuburg and Imperial General.
Aug 6 Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg a German noblewoman. The highest title she acquired through marriage was Electress of Brandenburg as the wife of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector"
Aug 12 Pope Innocent XI Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. He is known as the "Saviour of Hungary"
Aug 21 William Cleland a Scottish poet and soldier.
Aug 28 Claude-Jean Allouez a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
Sep 13 Ciro Ferri an Italian Baroque sculptor and painter, the chief pupil and successor of Pietro da Cortona.
Oct 4 Quirinus Kuhlmann a German Baroque poet and mystic. Known for his travels throughout Europe, Kuhlmann spent the last years of his life in Russia, where he was executed because he was considered politically dangerous
Oct 24 Adolph John I Count Palatine of Kleeburg Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1654 until 1689 and was considered Prince of Sweden until 1660.
Nov 3 Fyodor Zubov a Russian painter, engraver, miniaturist and illuminator.
Nov 13 Philipp von Zesen a German poet, hymnist and writer. Some of his works are published under his pen name Ritterhold von Blauen
Nov 18 Jacob van der Ulft a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter, architect, and mayor.
Nov 26 Marquard Gude a German archaeologist and classical scholar, most famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions.
Dec 4 Saliha Dilaşub Sultan the Serbian wife of Ottoman Sultan Ibrahim I and Valide Sultan to their son Suleiman II.
Dec 29 Thomas Sydenham an English physician. He was the author of Observationes Medicae which became a standard textbook of medicine for two centuries so that he became known as 'The English Hippocrates’. Among his many achievements was the discovery of a disease, Sydenham's Chorea, also known as St Vitus Dance