1690 in history

1690 events chronologically

Jan 6 Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans
Feb 3 The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in the Americas
Feb 15 Constantin Cantemir, Prince of Moldavia and the Holy Roman Empire sign a secret treaty in Sibiu, stipulating that Moldavia would support the actions led by the House of Habsburg against the Ottoman Empire
Jun 8 Yadi Sakat, a Siddi general, razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai
Jul 1 Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar)
Jul 12 Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II
Aug 24 Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory in Calcutta, an event formerly considered the founding of the city (in 2003 the Calcutta High Court ruled that the city has no birthday)

Top 7 most famous people born in 1690

Jan 13 Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel a prolific German baroque composer.
Feb 1 Francesco Maria Veracini an Italian composer and violinist, perhaps best known for his sets of violin sonatas. As a composer, according to Manfred Bukofzer, "His individual, if not subjective, style has no precedent in baroque music and clearly heralds the end of the entire era" , while Luigi Torchi maintained that "he rescued the imperiled music of the eighteenth century". His contemporary, Charles Burney, held that "he had certainly a great share of whim and caprice, but he built his freaks on a good foundation, being an excellent contrapuntist". The asteroid 10875 Veracini was named after him
Mar 18 Christian Goldbach a German mathematician who also studied law. He is remembered today for Goldbach's conjecture
Apr 22 John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville a British statesman and Lord President of the Council from 1751 to 1763; effectively leader of the country when Spencer Compton was Prime Minister.
May 25 Joseph Johann Adam Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein from 1721 to his death.
Oct 28 Peter Tordenskjold a Norwegian nobleman and an eminent naval flag officer in the service of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. He rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral for his services in the Great Northern War. Born in Trondheim, Peter Wessel travelled to Copenhagen in 1704, and was employed in the navy. He won a name for himself through audacity and courage, and was ennobled as Peter Tordenskiold by King Frederick IV in 1716. His greatest exploit came later that year, as he destroyed the supply fleet of Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Dynekilen. In 1720, he was killed in a duel. In Denmark and Norway he is among the most famous national naval heroes. He experienced an unusually rapid rise in rank and died when he was only 30 years old
Nov 23 Ernst Johann von Biron a Duke of Courland and Semigallia and regent of the Russian Empire.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1690

Feb 22 Charles Le Brun a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin
Apr 18 Charles V Duke of Lorraine Karl Leopold, , son of Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine, and Claude Françoise de Lorraine. Karl Leopold was born in Vienna and became the brother in law of Emperor Leopold and son in law of emperor Ferdinand III. He was a second cousin once removed of his contemporary Louis XIV through the king's grandmother Marie de' Medici.From a long established family of Lothringen, who had to take refuge from the forces of France. However, he managed to become the titular Duke of Lorraine in 1675 at a time when Lorraine was occupied by France. Since 1663 he had been in imperial Habsburg service and had a very notable military career. In 1675 he became imperial generalissimo
Apr 25 David Teniers the Younger a Flemish artist born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Elder. His son David Teniers III and his grandson David Teniers IV were also painters. His wife Anna, née Anna Breughel, was the daughter of Jan Brueghel the Elder and the granddaughter of Pieter Bruegel the Elder
May 21 John Eliot (missionary) a Puritan missionary to the American Indians whom some called “the apostle to the Indians.”.
May 27 Giovanni Legrenzi an Italian composer of opera, vocal and instrumental music, and organist, of the Baroque era. He was one of the most prominent composers in Venice in the late 17th century, and extremely influential in the development of late Baroque idioms across northern Italy
Jul 11 Frederick Schomberg 1st Duke of Schomberg a marshal of France and a General in the English and Portuguese Army.
Oct 17 Margaret Mary Alacoque V.H.M. was a French Roman Catholic nun and mystic, who promoted devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in its modern form