Born in 1690

Jan 13 Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel a prolific German baroque composer.
Jan 22 Nicolas Lancret born in Paris, and became a brilliant depicter of light comedy which reflected the tastes and manners of French society under the regent Orleans.
Feb 1 Francesco Maria Veracini an Italian composer and violinist, perhaps best known for his sets of violin sonatas. As a composer, according to Manfred Bukofzer, "His individual, if not subjective, style has no precedent in baroque music and clearly heralds the end of the entire era" , while Luigi Torchi maintained that "he rescued the imperiled music of the eighteenth century". His contemporary, Charles Burney, held that "he had certainly a great share of whim and caprice, but he built his freaks on a good foundation, being an excellent contrapuntist". The asteroid 10875 Veracini was named after him
Feb 3 Richard Rawlinson an English clergyman and antiquarian collector of books and manuscripts, which he bequeathed to the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Feb 5 Johann Daniel Schumacher the secretary of the Russian Academy of Sciences and director of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, during the Russian Empire.
Feb 9 Maria Vittoria of Savoy a legitimated daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, first king of the House of Savoy. Married to the head of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy, she is an ancestor of the kings of Sardinia and of the Savoy kings of Italy
Mar 1 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga an Italian nobleman and Catholic priest.
Mar 18 Christian Goldbach a German mathematician who also studied law. He is remembered today for Goldbach's conjecture
Mar 23 Casimir William of Hesse-Homburg a prince of Hesse-Homburg.
Apr 20 Gabriel of Belostok a child saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. The legend of his death describes a ritual murder which has been described as a blood libel. His feast day is held on April 20 / May 3
Apr 22 John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville a British statesman and Lord President of the Council from 1751 to 1763; effectively leader of the country when Spencer Compton was Prime Minister.
May 25 Joseph Johann Adam Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein from 1721 to his death.
Jun 9 Michel-Étienne Turgot prévôt des marchands de Paris from 1729 to 1740. His name is associated to one of the most famous maps of Paris, the "Plan de Turgot" , a detailed bird-eye view of Paris realized by Louis Bretez from 1734 to 1739
Jun 11 Giovanni Antonio Giay an Italian composer. His compositional output includes 15 operas, 5 symphonies, and a significant amount of sacred music
Jul 7 Johann Tobias Krebs a German organist and composer.
Sep 12 Peter Dens a Flemish Roman Catholic theologian.
Sep 15 Ignazio Prota an Italian composer and music educator. He was the father of composer Tommaso Prota and the grandfather of composer Gabriele Prota
Sep 18 Charles Louis Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Lieutenant General in the Prussian Army and Governor of Reval in the Governorate of Estonia.
Oct 28 Peter Tordenskjold a Norwegian nobleman and an eminent naval flag officer in the service of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. He rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral for his services in the Great Northern War. Born in Trondheim, Peter Wessel travelled to Copenhagen in 1704, and was employed in the navy. He won a name for himself through audacity and courage, and was ennobled as Peter Tordenskiold by King Frederick IV in 1716. His greatest exploit came later that year, as he destroyed the supply fleet of Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Dynekilen. In 1720, he was killed in a duel. In Denmark and Norway he is among the most famous national naval heroes. He experienced an unusually rapid rise in rank and died when he was only 30 years old
Oct 29 Martin Folkes PRS , English antiquary, numismatist mathematician, and astronomer.
Nov 17 Noël-Nicolas Coypel a popular French artist.
Nov 22 François Colin de Blamont a French composer of the Baroque era.
Nov 23 Ernst Johann von Biron a Duke of Courland and Semigallia and regent of the Russian Empire.
Nov 29 Christian August Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was a ruler of the Principality of Anhalt-Dornburg, then, from 1742, a ruler of the entire Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, but is best known for being the father of Catherine the Great of Russia
Dec 1 Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke an English lawyer and politician who served as Lord Chancellor. He was a close confidant of the Duke of Newcastle, Prime Minister between 1754 and 1756 and 1757 until 1762