Died in 1690

Jan 5 Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński a nobleman, a military commander and a statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He advanced to colonel in 1657, served as Voivod of Trakai and Grand Chancellor of Lithuania. He was the signatory of the Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 with the Tsardom of Russia, on the side of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Feb 7 Sir William Morice 1st Baronet an English Member of Parliament.
Feb 22 Charles Le Brun a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin
Mar 17 Jan van Mieris a Dutch painter.
Mar 17 Patriarch Joachim of Moscow the eleventh Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, an opponent of the Raskol , and a founder of the Slavic Greek Latin Academy.
Mar 28 Emmanuel Tzanes a Greek Renaissance painter.
Apr 15 Michael I Apafi a Hungarian Prince of Transylvania.
Apr 18 Charles V Duke of Lorraine Karl Leopold, , son of Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine, and Claude Françoise de Lorraine. Karl Leopold was born in Vienna and became the brother in law of Emperor Leopold and son in law of emperor Ferdinand III. He was a second cousin once removed of his contemporary Louis XIV through the king's grandmother Marie de' Medici.From a long established family of Lothringen, who had to take refuge from the forces of France. However, he managed to become the titular Duke of Lorraine in 1675 at a time when Lorraine was occupied by France. Since 1663 he had been in imperial Habsburg service and had a very notable military career. In 1675 he became imperial generalissimo
Apr 20 Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria Dauphine of France as spouse of Louis, Grand Dauphin, son and heir of Louis XIV. She was known as the Dauphine Marie Anne Victoire or la Grande Dauphine. The dauphine was a 'pathetic' figure at the court of France, isolated and unappreciated due to the perception that she was dull, unattractive and sickly
Apr 25 David Teniers the Younger a Flemish artist born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Elder. His son David Teniers III and his grandson David Teniers IV were also painters. His wife Anna, née Anna Breughel, was the daughter of Jan Brueghel the Elder and the granddaughter of Pieter Bruegel the Elder
May 21 John Eliot (missionary) a Puritan missionary to the American Indians whom some called “the apostle to the Indians.”.
May 27 Giovanni Legrenzi an Italian composer of opera, vocal and instrumental music, and organist, of the Baroque era. He was one of the most prominent composers in Venice in the late 17th century, and extremely influential in the development of late Baroque idioms across northern Italy
Jul 1 Philipp Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt a German prince. He was a member of the House of Wettin
Jul 10 Jan van Brakel a Dutch Rear Admiral who distinguished himself on many occasions during the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch wars and the Nine Years War. Almost nothing is known about Van Brakels early career; we know neither his year of birth nor his backgrounds. It used to be thought that he was the son of Commodore Pieter van Brakel, who was killed in the Second Anglo-Dutch War while defending a convoy of merchant ships, but this has become very unlikely now that we know Pieter van Brakel was himself born in 1624
Jul 11 Frederick Schomberg 1st Duke of Schomberg a marshal of France and a General in the English and Portuguese Army.
Sep 2 Philip William Elector Palatine Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria
Oct 3 Robert Barclay a Scottish Quaker, one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the 1680s, although he himself never resided in the colony
Oct 7 Jacques Savary a successful French merchant who became a widely recognised expert on questions regarding commerce. He was the author of Le parfait négociant , a manual on mercantile trade, which was translated into several languages
Oct 9 Henry FitzRoy 1st Duke of Grafton the illegitimate son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine.
Oct 15 Juan de Valdés Leal a Spanish painter and etcher of the Baroque era.
Oct 15 Adam Frans van der Meulen a Flemish Baroque painter specialising in battle scenes. He was active first in Brussels, where he was a pupil of Pieter Snayers, and from the 1660s onwards in Paris
Oct 17 Margaret Mary Alacoque V.H.M. was a French Roman Catholic nun and mystic, who promoted devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in its modern form
Oct 22 Isabel Luísa Princess of Beira a Portuguese infanta and the sole daughter of King Peter II of Portugal and his first wife and former sister-in-law Maria Francisca of Savoy. As such she was styled Princess of Beira. She was the presumptive heir to the throne of Portugal between 1668 and 1689, the year her half-brother John was born
Nov 4 Johann Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Jena a duke of Saxe-Jena.
Nov 17 Charles de Sainte-Maure duc de Montausier a French soldier and the governor of the dauphin, Louis le Grand Dauphin, the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France.
Dec 16 Louise Elisabeth of Courland a princess of Courland from the Ketteler family by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg.