1691 in history

1691 events chronologically

Jul 12 Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William III of England's forces in Ireland
Oct 7 The English royal charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay is issued

Top 7 most famous people born in 1691

Feb 27 Edward Cave an English printer, editor and publisher. In The Gentleman's Magazine he created the first general-interest "magazine" in the modern sense
Apr 5 Louis VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Apr 9 Johann Matthias Gesner a German classical scholar and schoolmaster.
Jun 17 Giovanni Paolo Panini mainly known as one of the vedutisti. As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are his view of the interior of the Pantheon , and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins, have a fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In this they resemble the capricci of Marco Ricci. Panini also painted portraits, including one of Pope Benedict XIV
Aug 28 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; and Archduchess of Austria by her marriage to Emperor Charles She was renowned for her delicate beauty and also for being the mother of Empress Maria Theresa. She is also the maternal grandmother of Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France, though she died five years before her granddaughter's birth in 1755. She was also the longest serving Holy Roman Empress
Aug 29 Richard Challoner an English Roman Catholic bishop, a leading figure of English Catholicism during the greater part of the 18th century. He is perhaps most famous for his revision of the Douay Rheims translation of the Bible
Oct 20 Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna of Russia a daughter of Tsar Ivan V and Praskovia Saltykova, eldest sister of Empress Anna of Russia and niece of Peter the Great. By her marriage, she was a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Top 7 most famous people died in 1691

Jan 13 George Fox an English Dissenter and a founder of the Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as the Quakers or Friends.
Feb 1 Pope Alexander VIII Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy
May 23 Adrien Auzout a French astronomer.
Jul 16 François-Michel le Tellier Marquis de Louvois the French Secretary of State for War for a significant part of the reign of Louis XIV. Louvois and his father, Michel le Tellier, would increase the French Army to 400,000 soldiers, an army that would fight four wars between 1667 and 1713. He is commonly referred to as "Louvois"
Nov 15 Aelbert Cuyp one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century. The most famous of a family of painters, the pupil of his father Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp , he is especially known for his large views of the Dutch countryside in early morning or late afternoon light
Dec 8 Richard Baxter an English Puritan church leader, poet, hymn-writer, theologian, and controversialist. Dean Stanley called him "the chief of English Protestant Schoolmen". After some false starts, he made his reputation by his ministry at Kidderminster, and at around the same time began a long and prolific career as theological writer. After the Restoration he refused preferment, while retaining a non-separatist Presbyterian approach, and became one of the most influential leaders of the Nonconformists, spending time in prison
Dec 31 Robert Boyle an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor. Born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland, he was also noted for his writings in theology. Although his research clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, Boyle is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry, and one of the pioneers of modern experimental scientific method. He is best known for Boyle's law, which describes the inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas, if the temperature is kept constant within a closed system. Among his works, The Sceptical Chymist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry