Born in 1691

Jan 16 Peter Scheemakers a Flemish sculptor who worked for most of his life in London, Great Britain where his public and church sculptures in a classicist style had an important influence on the development of sculpture.
Feb 3 George Lillo an English playwright and tragedian. He was a jeweller in London as well as a dramatist. He produced his first stage work, Silvia, or The Country Burial, in 1730. A year later, he produced his most famous play, The London Merchant. He wrote at least six more plays before his death in 1739, including The Christian Hero , Fatal Curiosity and Marina
Feb 27 Edward Cave an English printer, editor and publisher. In The Gentleman's Magazine he created the first general-interest "magazine" in the modern sense
Mar 1 Conrad Beissel the German-born religious leader who in 1732 founded the Ephrata Community in Pennsylvania, USA.
Mar 20 Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz a duchess of Saxe-Zeitz by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.
Mar 28 Charles Emil Lewenhaupt a Swedish general.
Apr 5 Louis VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Apr 9 Johann Matthias Gesner a German classical scholar and schoolmaster.
Jun 2 Nicolau Nasoni an Italian artist and architect but mostly active in Portugal.
Jun 14 Jan Francisci an organist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary. In 1709, he succeeded his father as cantor there before going to Vienna in 1722. He visited J.S. Bach in Leipzig in 1725. He worked as a church musician in until 1735, when he returned to Neusohl. He remained there until his death, except for the years 1743–1748
Jun 17 Giovanni Paolo Panini mainly known as one of the vedutisti. As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are his view of the interior of the Pantheon , and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins, have a fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In this they resemble the capricci of Marco Ricci. Panini also painted portraits, including one of Pope Benedict XIV
Aug 5 Charles d'Orléans de Rothelin a French churchman, writer, scholar, numismatist and theologian.
Aug 28 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; and Archduchess of Austria by her marriage to Emperor Charles She was renowned for her delicate beauty and also for being the mother of Empress Maria Theresa. She is also the maternal grandmother of Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France, though she died five years before her granddaughter's birth in 1755. She was also the longest serving Holy Roman Empress
Aug 29 Richard Challoner an English Roman Catholic bishop, a leading figure of English Catholicism during the greater part of the 18th century. He is perhaps most famous for his revision of the Douay Rheims translation of the Bible
Oct 1 Arthur Onslow an English politician. He set a record for length of service when repeatedly elected to serve as Speaker of the House of Commons, where he was known for his integrity
Oct 20 Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna of Russia a daughter of Tsar Ivan V and Praskovia Saltykova, eldest sister of Empress Anna of Russia and niece of Peter the Great. By her marriage, she was a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Nov 10 Wilhelm Heinrich Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Dec 30 Conrad Friedrich Hurlebusch a German/Dutch composer and organist.