1692 in history

1692 events chronologically

Feb 13 Massacre of Glencoe: About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
Mar 1 Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials
Jun 2 Bridget Bishop is the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts. Found guilty, she is hanged on June 10
Jun 7 Port Royal, Jamaica, was hit by a catastrophic earthquake; in just three minutes, 1,600 people were killed and 3,000 were seriously injured
Jun 10 Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries"
Aug 19 Salem witch trials: In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft
Sep 19 Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials

Top 7 most famous people born in 1692

Mar 14 Pieter van Musschenbroek a Dutch scientist. He was a professor in Duisburg, Utrecht, and Leiden, where he held positions in mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and astrology. He is credited with the invention of the first capacitor in 1746: the Leyden jar. He performed pioneering work on the buckling of compressed struts. Musschenbroek was also one of the first scientists to provide detailed descriptions of testing machines for tension, compression, and flexure testing. An early example of a problem in dynamic plasticity was described in the 1739 paper
Apr 8 Giuseppe Tartini an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
May 18 Joseph Butler an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire. He is known, among other things, for his critique of Thomas Hobbes's egoism and John Locke's theory of personal identity. During his life and after his death, Butler influenced many philosophers, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, and Adam Smith
Aug 18 Louis Henri Duke of Bourbon head of the Bourbon-Condé cadet branch of the France's reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726.
Oct 15 Alessandro Albani a leading collector of antiquities in Rome and a commissioner of works of art. He supported the art historian, Johann Joachim Winckelmann and commissioned paintings from Anton Raphael Mengs. As a Roman Catholic cardinal he furthered the interests of the governments of Austria, Savoy and Britain against those of France and Spain
Oct 25 Elisabeth Farnese Queen of Spain as the wife of King Philip She exerted great influence over Spain's foreign policy and was the de facto ruler of Spain from 1714 until 1746. From 1759 until 1760, she governed as regent
Oct 28 Joseph Ferdinand Prince of Asturias the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and his first wife, Maria Antonia of Austria, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal granddaughter of King Felipe IV of Spain.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1692

Jan 10 Job Charnock a servant and administrator of the English East India Company and was celebrated as the founder of the city of Calcutta now Kolkata. In 2003 the Kolkata High Court announced that although Charnock was a major contributor to its development, that villages existed on the site of Calcutta well before Charnock's time
May 18 Elias Ashmole a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole supported the royalist side during the English Civil War, and at the restoration of Charles II he was rewarded with several lucrative offices
Jul 10 Heinrich Bach a German organist, composer and a member of the Bach family.
Aug 19 John Proctor a farmer and tavern keeper in 17th-century Massachusetts. He was the son of John Proctor, and Martha Harper. During the Salem Witch Trials he was accused of witchcraft, convicted and hanged
Oct 12 Giovanni Battista Vitali an Italian composer and violone player.
Nov 19 Thomas Shadwell an English poet and playwright who was appointed poet laureate in 1689.
Dec 24 Maria Antonia of Austria the eldest daughter and only surviving child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and his wife Margaret Theresa of Spain. She became Electress of Bavaria when she married in 1685, but died prematurely in 1692