Born in 1692

Feb 14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée a French dramatist who blurred the lines between comedy and tragedy with his comédie larmoyante.
Feb 16 Giovanni Domenico Mansi an Italian prelate, theologian, scholar and historian, known for his massive works on the Church councils.
Feb 25 Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz a German adventurer and writer from Issum.
Feb 29 John Byrom an English poet, the inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand and later a significant landowner. He is most remembered as the writer of the lyrics of Anglican hymn Christians Awake, salute the happy morn, which was supposedly a Christmas gift for his daughter
Mar 14 Pieter van Musschenbroek a Dutch scientist. He was a professor in Duisburg, Utrecht, and Leiden, where he held positions in mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and astrology. He is credited with the invention of the first capacitor in 1746: the Leyden jar. He performed pioneering work on the buckling of compressed struts. Musschenbroek was also one of the first scientists to provide detailed descriptions of testing machines for tension, compression, and flexure testing. An early example of a problem in dynamic plasticity was described in the 1739 paper
Apr 5 Adrienne Lecouvreur a French actress, considered by many as the greatest of her time. Born in Damery, she first appeared professionally on the stage in Lille. After her Paris debut at the Comédie-Française in 1717, she was immensely popular with the public. Together with Michel Baron, she was credited for having developed a more natural, less stylized, type of acting
Apr 8 Giuseppe Tartini an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
Apr 29 Jean Armand de Lestocq a French adventurer who wielded immense influence on the foreign policy of Russia during the early reign of Empress Elizabeth.
May 18 Joseph Butler an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire. He is known, among other things, for his critique of Thomas Hobbes's egoism and John Locke's theory of personal identity. During his life and after his death, Butler influenced many philosophers, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, and Adam Smith
May 28 Geminiano Giacomelli an Italian composer.
Jun 13 Joseph Highmore an English portrait and historical painter, illustrator and author.
Jul 19 Frederick William Duke of Courland Duke of Courland and Semigallia from 1698 to 1711. Frederick Wilhelm was the son of Frederick Casimir Kettler and Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg. During his reign duchy was occupied by Swedish and later by Russian troops
Aug 3 John Henley a preacher known for showmanship and eccentricity.
Aug 14 Frederick Anton Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1718 until his death.
Aug 18 Louis Henri Duke of Bourbon head of the Bourbon-Condé cadet branch of the France's reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726.
Oct 15 Alessandro Albani a leading collector of antiquities in Rome and a commissioner of works of art. He supported the art historian, Johann Joachim Winckelmann and commissioned paintings from Anton Raphael Mengs. As a Roman Catholic cardinal he furthered the interests of the governments of Austria, Savoy and Britain against those of France and Spain
Oct 25 Elisabeth Farnese Queen of Spain as the wife of King Philip She exerted great influence over Spain's foreign policy and was the de facto ruler of Spain from 1714 until 1746. From 1759 until 1760, she governed as regent
Oct 28 Joseph Ferdinand Prince of Asturias the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and his first wife, Maria Antonia of Austria, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal granddaughter of King Felipe IV of Spain.
Oct 30 Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer a Dutch nobleman who was a diplomat, composer, and administrator. He reorganized the Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Teutonic Order. His most important surviving compositions are the Concerti Armonici, which until 1980 had been misattributed to the Italian composer Giovanni Battista Pergolesi and to Carlo Ricciotti
Oct 31 Anne Claude de Caylus born at Paris.
Nov 6 Louis Racine a French poet of the Age of the Enlightenment.
Nov 15 Eusebius Amort a German Roman Catholic theologian.
Nov 21 Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni an Italian poet and librettist. As a poet Frugoni was one of the best of the school of the Arcadian Academy, and his lyrics and pastorals had great facility and elegance. His collected works were published at Parma in 10 volumes in 1799, and a more complete edition appeared at Lucca in the same year in 15 volumes