1693 in history

1693 events chronologically

Jan 11 A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta
Feb 8 The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia is granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II
Jul 25 Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Mexico
Jul 29 War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen – France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands
Aug 4 Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon's invention of Champagne, although he actually did not have anything to do with sparkling wine
Oct 4 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French

Top 7 most famous people born in 1693

Feb 7 Anna of Russia reigned as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740. Prior to her accession to the Russian throne, she was the regent of the Duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730
Mar 7 Pope Clement XIII Pope from 16 July 1758 to his death in 1769.
Mar 24 John Harrison a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker. He invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought after device for solving the problem of establishing the East-West position or longitude of a ship at sea, thus revolutionising and extending the possibility of safe long-distance sea travel in the Age of Sail. The problem was considered so intractable, and following the Scilly naval disaster of 1707 so important, that the British Parliament offered the Longitude prize of £20,000. Harrison came 39th in the BBC's 2002 public poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
Apr 16 Anne Sophie Reventlow Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1721 to 1730 as the second wife of Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway.
May 24 Georg Rafael Donner one of the most prolific Austrian sculptors of the 18th century. His style was baroque with some pseudo-ancient additions. He educated many German sculptors of his era, including his son Matthäus Donner
Jun 1 Alexey Bestuzhev-Ryumin one of the most influential and successful European diplomats of the 18th century. He was chiefly responsible for Russian foreign policy during the reign of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna
Jul 21 Thomas Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle a British Whig statesman, whose official life extended throughout the Whig supremacy of the 18th century. He is commonly known as the Duke of Newcastle

Top 7 most famous people died in 1693

Jan 6 Mehmed IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier
Feb 11 John de Brito a Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr, often called "the Portuguese Francis Xavier" by Indian Catholics.
Apr 5 Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans Duchess of Montpensier the eldest daughter of Gaston d'Orléans, and his first wife Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier. One of the greatest heiresses in history, she died unmarried and childless, leaving her vast fortune to her cousin, Philippe of France. After a string of proposals from various members of European ruling families, including Charles II of England, Afonso VI of Portugal, and Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy, she eventually fell in love with the courtier, Antoine Nompar de Caumont and scandalised the court of France when she asked Louis XIV for permission to marry him, as such a union was viewed as a mésalliance. She is best remembered for her role in the Fronde, her role in bringing the famous composer Lully to the king's court, and her Mémoires
May 25 Madame de La Fayette a French writer, the author of La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.
Jul 26 Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark the Queen consort of Sweden as the spouse of King Charles XI of Sweden.
Jul 31 Willem Kalf a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser
Sep 9 Ihara Saikaku a Japanese poet and creator of the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose.