Died in 1693

Jan 6 Mehmed IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier
Jan 8 Marguerite de la Sablière a French salonist, friend and patron of La Fontaine, was the wife of Antoine Rambouillet, sieur de la Sablière , a Protestant financier and poet entrusted with the administration of the royal estates, her maiden name being Marguerite Hessein.
Feb 7 Paul Pellisson a French author.
Feb 11 John de Brito a Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr, often called "the Portuguese Francis Xavier" by Indian Catholics.
Feb 13 Johann Caspar Kerll a German baroque composer and organist.
Feb 22 Henrik Horn a freiherr, military, field marshal , admiral and member of the Privy Council of Sweden.
Mar 6 Antonio Caraffa a General Commissary of the Imperial-Habsburg Army—the highest rank in the Austrian military hierarchy at the time. He also held various other high-ranking offices, including military governor of Upper Hungary and later royal commissioner of Transylvania
Apr 5 Philip William August Count Palatine of Neuburg a Prince and Count Palatine of Neuburg.
Apr 5 Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans Duchess of Montpensier the eldest daughter of Gaston d'Orléans, and his first wife Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier. One of the greatest heiresses in history, she died unmarried and childless, leaving her vast fortune to her cousin, Philippe of France. After a string of proposals from various members of European ruling families, including Charles II of England, Afonso VI of Portugal, and Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy, she eventually fell in love with the courtier, Antoine Nompar de Caumont and scandalised the court of France when she asked Louis XIV for permission to marry him, as such a union was viewed as a mésalliance. She is best remembered for her role in the Fronde, her role in bringing the famous composer Lully to the king's court, and her Mémoires
Apr 9 Roger de Rabutin Comte de Bussy a French memoirist. He was the cousin and frequent correspondent of Madame de Sévigné
May 3 Claude de Rouvroy duc de Saint-Simon the second son of Louis de Rouvroy, seigneur du Plessis , who had been a warm supporter of Henry of Guise and the Catholic League.
May 6 François Tallemant the Elder a French churchman and translator. He is often known as l'Aîné to distinguish him from his cousin Paul Tallement le Jeune
May 25 Madame de La Fayette a French writer, the author of La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.
Jun 2 John Wildman an English politician and soldier.
Jun 12 John Ashby (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy, who rose to the rank of Admiral. Ashby was the fourth son of Robert Ashby and his wife Alice, who was a sister of Sir Thomas Allin. He grew up in Suffolk where his father was involved in business
Jul 13 Hendrik Trajectinus Count of Solms a Dutch lieutenant-general.
Jul 26 Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark the Queen consort of Sweden as the spouse of King Charles XI of Sweden.
Jul 31 Willem Kalf a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser
Aug 7 John George II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1660 to 1693.
Aug 28 Johann Christoph Bach (1645–93) a German musician of the Baroque period.
Sep 1 Nicolas Potier de Novion a French magistrate of the Ancien Regime.
Sep 6 Odoardo Farnese Hereditary Prince of Parma the son and heir of Duke Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza. He was the Hereditary Prince of Parma from his birth till his death. He was the father of the famously domineering Elisabeth Farnese
Sep 9 Ihara Saikaku a Japanese poet and creator of the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose.
Sep 12 Gabrielle de Rochechouart de Mortemart a French noblewoman. A great beauty and wit, she was the older sister of Françoise de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Madame de Montespan
Sep 13 Flavio Chigi (1631-1693) an Italian Catholic Cardinal and Duke of Ariccia. He was Cardinal-Nephew to Pope Alexander VII and became a powerful political force inside the Roman Catholic Church during the latter half of the 17th century
Oct 1 Pedro Abarca a Jesuit theologian.
Oct 26 Kyprian Zochovskyj the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and Russia of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1674 to his death in 1693.
Nov 2 Theodor Kerckring a Dutch anatomist and chemical physician.
Nov 24 Nicolaes Maes a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre and portraits.
Nov 24 William Sancroft the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, and was one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in 1688 for seditious libel against King James II, over his opposition to the king's Declaration of Indulgence.
Dec 13 Willem van de Velde the Elder a Dutch Golden Age seascape painter.
Dec 13 Dosoftei a Moldavian Metropolitan, scholar, poet and translator.
Dec 14 Giuseppe Felice Tosi an Italian composer and organist, and the father of Pier Francesco Tosi, also a successful composer.
Dec 21 Hendrick Mommers a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.