Born in 1694

Jan 3 Paul of the Cross an Italian mystic, and founder of the Passionists.
Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Callenberg a German Orientalist, Lutheran professor of theology and philology, and promoter of conversion attempts among Jews and Muslims.
Feb 1 Giuseppe Spinelli an Italian Cardinal. He was a prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Apr 3 George Edwards (naturalist) an English naturalist and ornithologist, known as the "father of British ornithology".
Apr 25 Richard Boyle 3rd Earl of Burlington The Hon. Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, KG, PC , born in Yorkshire, England, was the son of The 2nd Earl of Burlington and 3rd Earl of Cork. Burlington was called 'the Apollo of the Arts' and 'the architect Earl', never taking more than a passing interest in politics despite his position as a Privy Counsellor and a member of both the British House of Lords and the Irish House of Lords
May 22 Daniel Gran a painter born in Vienna in 1694 who died at Sankt Pölten in 1757. His pictures ornament several public buildings in his native city. He was of some consideration in his time, but his works are not known out of Austria and Germany today
Jun 4 François Quesnay a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He is known for publishing the "Tableau économique" in 1758, which provided the foundations of the ideas of the Physiocrats. This was perhaps the first work to attempt to describe the workings of the economy in an analytical way, and as such can be viewed as one of the first important contributions to economic thought. His Le Despotisme de la Chine, written in 1767, describes Chinese politics and society, and his own political support for constitutional Oriental despotism
Jun 20 Hans Adolph Brorson a Danish Pietist bishop and hymn writer.
Jun 24 Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui a Swiss legal and political theorist who popularised a number of ideas propounded by other thinkers.
Jun 26 Georg Brandt a Swedish chemist and mineralogist who discovered cobalt. He was the first person to discover a metal unknown in ancient times
Jul 4 Louis-Claude Daquin a French composer of Jewish birth writing in the Baroque and Galant styles. He was a virtuoso organist and harpsichordist
Jul 11 Charles-Antoine Coypel a French painter, art commentator, and playwright. He lived in Paris. He was the son of the artist Antoine Coypel and grandson of Noël Coypel. Charles-Antoine inherited his father’s design and painting duties as premier peintre du roi at the French court when his father died in 1722. He became premier peintre du roi and director of the Académie Royale in 1747. He received a number of commissions for paintings for the Palais de Versailles, and worked for Madame de Pompadour, the king’s mistress
Jul 20 Christian Gottlieb Jöcher a German academic, librarian and lexicographer.
Aug 5 Leonardo Leo a Neapolitan Baroque composer.
Aug 8 Francis Hutcheson (philosopher) The Rev. Francis Hutcheson was a Scottish-Irish philosopher born in Ireland to a family of Scottish Presbyterians who became known as founding fathers of the Scottish Enlightenment
Aug 20 Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental a German princess of the Württemberg-Winnental line. Born in Kirchheim unter Teck, her parents were Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental, and his wife Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach, a daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Aug 25 Theodore of Corsica a German adventurer who was briefly King of Corsica. Theodore is the subject of an opera by Paisiello, Il Re Teodoro in Venezia and one of the six kings in Venice
Aug 26 Elisha Williams a Congregational minister, legislator, miltia soldier, jurist, and rector of Yale College from 1726 to 1739.
Aug 28 Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg the wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia. She was the daughter of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen. She was also the great aunt of Marie Antoinette
Sep 5 František Václav Míča a Czech conductor and composer.
Sep 7 Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg a Minister of State of Denmark.
Sep 22 Philip Stanhope 4th Earl of Chesterfield a British statesman and man of letters.
Sep 25 Henry Pelham a British Whig statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 27 August 1743 until his death. He was the younger brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, the Duke of Newcastle, who succeeded Henry as Prime Minister
Oct 15 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke of Douglas a Scottish nobleman.
Oct 26 Johan Helmich Roman a Swedish Baroque composer. He has been called "the father of Swedish music" or "the Swedish Handel." He was the leader of Swedish Opera through most of Swedish Opera's Age of Liberty
Oct 31 Yeongjo of Joseon the 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. He was the second son of Sukjong by Royal Noble Consort Suk of the Haeju Choi clan, and succeeded his older brother Gyeongjong as Prince after considerable controversy
Nov 2 Count Palatine Joseph Charles of Sulzbach the eldest son of Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach.
Nov 21 Voltaire a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken advocate, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day
Nov 28 Leopold Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. Today, he is probably best remembered for employing Johann Sebastian Bach as his Kapellmeister between 1717 and 1723
Dec 2 William Shirley a British colonial administrator who was the longest-serving governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and then Governor of the Bahamas in the 1760s. He is best known for his role in organizing the 1745 Siege of Louisbourg during King George's War, and for his role in military affairs during the French and Indian War. He spent most of his years in the colonial administration of North America working to defeat New France, but his lack of formal military training led to political difficulties and his eventual downfall
Dec 22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus remembered for his Deism, the doctrine that human reason can arrive at a knowledge of God and ethics from a study of nature and our own internal reality, thus eliminating the need for religions based on revelation. He denied the supernatural origin of Christianity, and is credited by some with initiating historians' investigation of the historical Jesus