Died in 1694

Jan 2 Henry Booth 1st Earl of Warrington a Member of Parliament, Privy Councillor, Protestant protagonist in the Revolution of 1688, Mayor of Chester and author.
Jan 7 Charles Gerard 1st Earl of Macclesfield an English aristocrat, soldier and courtier.
Jan 16 Francesco Morosini the Doge of Venice from 1688 to 1694, at the height of the Great Turkish War. He was a member of a famous noble Venetian family which produced several Doges and generals. He "dressed always in red from top to toe and never went into action without his cat beside him on the poop."
Feb 4 Natalya Naryshkina the Tsaritsa of Russia from 1671–1676 as the second spouse of Tsar Alexei I of Russia, and mother of Tsar Peter I of Russia.
Feb 17 Antoinette du Ligier de la Garde Deshoulières a French poet born in Paris. She was the daughter of Melchior du Ligier, sieur de la Garde, maitre d'hôtel to the queens Marie de Medici and Anne of Austria
Feb 19 Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki a szlachta , Western Ukrainian nobleman of Orthodox faith, merchant, spy, diplomat and soldier, and considered a hero by the people of Vienna for his actions at the 1683 Battle of Vienna. According to a popular legend, he opened the first café in the city, using coffee beans left by the retreating Ottoman Turks
Mar 5 Vittoria della Rovere Grand Duchess of Tuscany as the wife of Grand Duke Ferdinando She gave her husband four children, two of which would survive infancy; the future Cosimo III, Tuscany's longest reigning monarch and Francesco Maria, a prince of the Church. At the death of her grandfather Francesco Maria della Rovere she inherited the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro which reverted to her second son, Francesco Maria, at her death. She was later entrusted with the care of her three grandchildren. Her marriage brought in a wealth of treasures into the House of Medici which can today be seen in the Palazzo Pitti and the Uffizi Gallery in Florence
Apr 8 Nicolás de Villacis a Spanish Baroque painter from Murcia, a disciple of Diego Velázquez.
Apr 10 Catharina Regina von Greiffenberg an Austrian poet of the Baroque era.
Apr 16 Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé a French noblewoman from the Brézé family and a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. She married Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, known as Le Grand Condé , and became the mother of Henri Jules. She was Princess of Condé and Duchess of Fronsac
Apr 18 William Hamilton Duke of Hamilton Duke of Hamilton in the Peerage of Scotland due to his marriage to Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, which also allowed him to use his wife's subsidiary titles during his lifetime and to take the name Hamilton for him and their descendents. Born Lord William Douglas, he was the son of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas and his second wife Lady Mary Gordon, a daughter of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly
Apr 27 John George IV Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1691 to 1694.
May 2 Martin Desjardins a French sculptor and stuccoist of Dutch birth.
May 17 Johann Michael Bach a German composer of the Baroque period. He was the brother of Johann Christoph Bach, as well as father-in-law of Johann Sebastian Bach. He is sometimes referred to as the "Gehrener Bach" to distinguish him from the "Wuppertaler Bach", Johann Michael Bach
Jun 17 Philip Howard (cardinal) Hon. Philip Howard was an English Roman Catholic cardinal. Born the third son of Henry Frederick Howard and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart , Howard was a member of the premier Catholic family in England. At the age of sixteen he joined the Dominican Order in Cremona, and was ordained in 1652. He founded the priory of Bornem in Flanders, with a college for English youths attached to it, and was himself the first prior and novice master. He also founded at Vilvoorde a convent of nuns of the Second Order of Saint Dominic, now at Carisbrooke on the Isle of Wight
Jul 2 Philip Christoph von Königsmarck a Swedish count of Brandenburgian extraction and a soldier. He was allegedly the lover of Sophia Dorothea, Princess of Celle, the wife of Duke George Louis of Brunswick and Lunenburg, the heir presumptive of the Principality of Calenberg, later to become Elector of Hanover and King of Great Britain
Jul 25 Hishikawa Moronobu a Japanese artist known for popularizing the ukiyo-e genre of woodblock prints and paintings in the late 17th century.
Jul 29 Suleiman I of Persia a Safavid shah of Persia who reigned between 1666 and 1694. He was the eighth Shah of the Safavid Dynasty
Aug 8 Antoine Arnauld a French Roman Catholic theologian, philosopher, and mathematician. He was one of the leading intellectuals of the Jansenist group of Port-Royal and had a very thorough knowledge of patristics
Sep 28 Gabriel Mouton a French abbot and scientist. He was a doctor of theology from Lyon, but was also interested in mathematics and astronomy. His 1670 book, the Observationes diametrorum solis et lunae apparentium, proposed a natural standard of length based on the circumference of the Earth, and was decimally divided. It was influential in the adoption of the metric system in 1799
Sep 29 Katarzyna Sobieska the sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski and a noble lady. She married Władysław Dominik Zasławski in 1650. She was later married to Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł on June 13, 1658
Oct 13 Samuel von Pufendorf a German jurist, political philosopher, economist, statesman, and historian. His name was just Samuel Pufendorf until he was ennobled in 1684; he was made a Freiherr a few months before his death at age 62 in 1694. Among his achievements are his commentaries and revisions of the natural law theories of Thomas Hobbes and Hugo Grotius
Oct 20 Christian II Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
Nov 14 Christian III Maurice Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
Nov 22 John Tillotson Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694.
Nov 25 Ismaël Bullialdus a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books, and was an active member of the Republic of Letters, a scholarly exchange of ideas during the 17th and 18th centuries. He is most well known for his work in astronomy, and his most famous work is his book titled Astronomia Philolaica
Nov 28 Matsuo Bashō the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. During his lifetime, Bashō was recognized for his works in the collaborative haikai no renga form; today, after centuries of commentary, he is recognized as the greatest master of haiku. Matsuo Bashō's poetry is internationally renowned; and, in Japan, many of his poems are reproduced on monuments and traditional sites. Although Bashō is justifiably famous in the West for his hokku, he himself believed his best work lay in leading and participating in renku. He is quoted as saying, “Many of my followers can write hokku as well as I can. Where I show who I really am is in linking haikai verses.”
Nov 29 Marcello Malpighi an Italian physician and biologist regarded as the father of microscopical anatomy and histology. Malpighi gave his name to several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the "Malpighian bodies of the spleen" or Malpighian corpuscles
Dec 2 Pierre Puget a French painter, sculptor, architect and engineer.
Dec 11 Ranuccio II Farnese Duke of Parma the sixth Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1646 until his death nearly 50 years later.
Dec 28 Mary II of England joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland with her husband , William III and II, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant, respectively, following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII. William became sole ruler upon her death in 1694. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of "William and Mary"