Died in 1695

Jan 6 Christian Albert Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.
Jan 15 François-Henri de Montmorency duc de Luxembourg a French general, marshal of France, famous as the comrade and successor of the great Condé.
Jan 29 Paul Hermann a German born physician and botanist who for 15 years was director of the Hortus Botanicus Leiden.
Feb 6 Ahmed II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1691 to 1695. Ahmed II was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ibrahim by Valide Sultan Hatice Muazzez, and succeeded his brother Suleiman II in 1691
Feb 11 Abraham Hinckelmann an Islamologist who was the first to print a complete Qur'an in Hamburg.
Feb 14 Georg von Derfflinger a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War.
Mar 2 Johann Ambrosius Bach a German musician, father to Johann Sebastian Bach.
Mar 5 Henry Wharton an English writer and librarian.
Mar 25 Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł a magnate of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and an active reformer. She carried the title of Princess
Mar 26 Jan Karol Opaliński a Polish starost and kasztelan of Poznań. He was the son of Krzysztof Opaliński and Teresa Konstancya Czarnkowska
Apr 3 Melchior d'Hondecoeter born in Utrecht and died in Amsterdam. After the start of his career, he painted virtually exclusively bird subjects, usually exotic or game, in park-like landscapes. Hondecoeter’s paintings featured geese , fieldfares, partridges, pigeons, ducks, magpies and peacocks, but also African grey crowned cranes, Asian sarus cranes, Indonesian Yellow-crested Cockatoos, an Indonesian Purple-naped Lory and Grey-headed Lovebirds from Madagascar
Apr 5 George Savile 1st Marquess of Halifax an English statesman, writer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660, and in the House of Lords after he was raised to the peerage in 1668.
Apr 13 Jean de La Fontaine the most famous French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century. He is known above all for his Fables, which provided a model for subsequent fabulists across Europe and numerous alternative versions in France, and in French regional languages
Apr 15 Christoph Arnold a German amateur astronomer.
Apr 17 Juana Inés de la Cruz Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz, O.S.H. was a self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and Hieronymite nun of New Spain, known in her lifetime as "The Tenth Muse." Although she lived in a colonial era when Mexico was part of the Spanish Empire, she is considered today both a Mexican writer and a contributor to the Spanish Golden Age, and she stands at the beginning of the history of Mexican literature in the Spanish language
Apr 23 Henry Vaughan a Welsh author, physician and metaphysical poet.
Apr 27 John Trenchard (politician) an English politician.
May 29 Giuseppe Recco an Italian still life painter.
May 30 Pierre Mignard a French painter. He was born at Troyes, and came of a family of artists; he also needs to be distinguished from his nephew Pierre , often called "Pierre II" or "Le Chevalier"
Jun 11 André Félibien a French chronicler of the arts and official court historian to Louis XIV of France.
Jul 8 Christiaan Huygens a prominent Dutch mathematician and scientist. He is known particularly as an astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist
Jul 18 Johannes Camphuys the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1684 to 1691.
Aug 6 François de Harlay de Champvallon the fifth archbishop of Paris.
Oct 6 Gustav Adolph Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow the last ruler of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1636 until his death and last Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg from 1636 to 1648.
Oct 21 Johann Arnold Nering a German Baroque architect in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia.
Nov 16 Pierre Nicole one of the most distinguished of the French Jansenists.
Nov 20 Zumbi the last of the leaders of the Quilombo dos Palmares, a fugitive settlement in the present-day state of Alagoas, Brazil.
Nov 21 Henry Purcell an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar
Nov 26 Jan Sladký Kozina the Czech revolutionary leader of the Chodové peasant rebellion at the end of the 17th century.
Nov 28 Giovanni Paolo Colonna an Italian composer, teacher, organist and organ builder. In addition to being chapel-master and organist of San Petronio Basilica in Bologna, he served prominent members of the courts of Ferrara, Parma, Modena and Florence. He was a founder-member and president of the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna. Emperor Leopold I collected manuscripts of his sacred music, which reflects the Roman church cantata style of Giacomo Carissimi and looks forward to the manner of George Frideric Handel
Nov 28 Anthony Wood an English antiquary.
Nov 29 James Dalrymple 1st Viscount of Stair born at Drummurchie, Barr, South Ayrshire.
Dec 8 Barthélemy d'Herbelot a French Orientalist.
Dec 30 Samuel Morland an English academic, diplomat, spy, inventor and mathematician of the 17th century, a polymath credited with early developments in relation to computing, hydraulics and steam power.