Died in 1696

Jan 11 Charles Albanel a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tadoussac where he spent many winters among the Montagnais Indians. In 1672, at the time when the Hudson's Bay Company was beginning operations, he was a leader of a French party that went by the Saguenay River, Lake Mistassini, and the Rupert River to Hudson Bay. He may have been the first European to reach Hudson Bay from the Saint Lawrence. In 1674, on another journey to the Rupert River he was captured by the English and taken to England. On his journey to England he induced Medard des Groseilliers to return to the French service. After returning in 1688 to Canada, he served at missions in western Canada and died at Sault Ste. Marie
Feb 8 Ivan V of Russia a joint Tsar of Russia who co-reigned between 1682 and 1696. He was the youngest son of Alexis I of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya. His reign was only formal, since he had serious physical and mental disabilities. He sat still for hours at a time and needed assistance in order to walk
Mar 14 Jean Domat born at Clermont in Auvergne.
Mar 16 Louis Laneau a French Bishop of the 17th century who was active in the kingdom of Siam. He was a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He was initially nominated as the replacement of Mgr Ignace Cotolendi in charge of Nankin
Mar 18 Robert Charnock an English academic and Jacobite conspirator.
Apr 17 Marie de Rabutin-Chantal marquise de Sévigné a French aristocrat, remembered for her letter-writing. Most of her letters, celebrated for their wit and vividness, were addressed to her daughter. She is revered in France as one of the great icons of French literature
Apr 27 Simon Foucher a French polemic philosopher. His philosophical standpoint was one of Academic skepticism: he did not agree with dogmatism, but didn't resort to Pyrrhonism, either
Apr 30 Robert Plot an English naturalist, first Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, and the first keeper of the Ashmolean Museum.
May 11 Jean de La Bruyère a French philosopher and moralist.
May 16 Mariana of Austria Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of King Philip IV, who was also her maternal uncle. At the death of her husband in 1665, Queen Mariana became regent for her son Charles II, the last Spanish Habsburg, and she remained an influential figure during his reign
May 26 Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau a regent of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. She was the sixth child and fifth daughter of stadtholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
May 30 Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell of Tewkesbury an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1692. He was then created Baron Capell
May 31 Heinrich Schwemmer a German music teacher and composer.
Jun 17 John III Sobieski one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Jun 29 Michel Lambert a French singing master, theorbist and composer.
Jul 28 Charles Colbert marquis de Croissy a French statesman and diplomat.
Aug 2 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon best known as one of the commanding officers at the Massacre of Glencoe.
Aug 9 Wacław Potocki a Polish nobleman , moralist, poet, and writer. He was the podczaszy of Kraków from 1678 to 1685. He is remembered as one of the most important Polish baroque artists. His most famous works are: Transakcja wojny chocimskiej and his collection of epigrams, Ogród fraszek. They give a vivid picture of ideas and manners among the szlachta towards the end of the Polish Golden Age, and of many political and religious conflicts
Aug 28 Hans Adam von Schöning a Generalfeldmarschall in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia and the Electorate of Saxony.
Nov 26 Gregório de Matos the most famous Colonial Brazilian Baroque poet. Although he wrote many lyrical and religious poems, he was more well known by his satirical ones, most of them frontally criticizing the Catholic Church, rendering him the nickname "Boca do Inferno"
Dec 4 Empress Meishō the 109th Imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Dec 12 Johan Caspar von Cicignon a Luxembourg-born soldier and military engineer who spent most of his career in the service of Denmark–Norway. He is most associated with the reconstruction of Trondheim, Norway after the great fire of 1681
Dec 21 Louise Moillon a French painter in the Baroque era. She became known as one of the best still life painters during her time. She worked for King Charles I of England, as well as the French nobility
Dec 29 Miguel de Molinos a Spanish mystic, the chief representative of the religious revival known as Quietism.