1697 in history

1697 events chronologically

Jan 8 Last execution for blasphemy in Britain; of Thomas Aikenhead, student, at Edinburgh
Mar 13 Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala
May 7 Stockholm's royal castle (dating back to medieval times) is destroyed by fire. It is replaced by the current Royal Palace in the eighteenth century
Sep 5 War of the Grand Alliance : A French warship commanded by Captain Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville defeated an English squadron at the Battle of Hudson's Bay
Sep 11 Battle of Zenta
Sep 20 The Treaty of Ryswick is signed by France, England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic ending the Nine Years' War (1688–97)
Nov 9 Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia

Top 7 most famous people born in 1697

Jan 30 Johann Joachim Quantz a German flutist, flute maker and composer. He composed hundreds of flute sonatas and concertos, and wrote On Playing the Flute, a treatise on flute performance
Apr 1 Antoine François Prévost a French author and novelist.
Apr 23 George Anson 1st Baron Anson a British admiral and a wealthy aristocrat, noted for his circumnavigation of the globe and his role overseeing the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War. During his time in office Anson instituted a series of reforms to the Royal Navy
May 10 Jean-Marie Leclair a Baroque violinist and composer. He is considered to have founded the French violin school. His brothers Jean-Marie Leclair the younger , Pierre Leclair and Jean-Benoît Leclair were also musicians
Aug 6 Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. A member of the House of Wittelsbach, Charles was notably the first person not born of the House of Habsburg to become emperor in over three centuries
Oct 17 Canaletto an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice. He was also an important printmaker in etching
Nov 10 William Hogarth an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1697

Mar 1 Francesco Redi an Italian physician, naturalist, and poet. He was the first scientist to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots come from eggs of flies. He was also the first to recognize and correctly describe details of many important parasites, and for this reason, as many historians and scientists claim, he may rightly be called the father of modern parasitology, and also regarded as the founder of experimental biology
Mar 27 Simon Bradstreet a colonial magistrate, businessman, diplomat, and the last governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Arriving in Massachusetts on the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, Bradstreet was almost constantly involved in the politics of the colony but became its governor only in 1679. He served on diplomatic missions and as agent to the crown in London, and also served as a commissioner to the New England Confederation. He was politically comparatively moderate, arguing minority positions in favor of freedom of speech and for accommodation of the demands of King Charles II following his restoration to the throne
Mar 29 Nicolaus Bruhns a Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer. He was one of the most prominent organists and composers of his generation
Apr 5 Charles XI of Sweden King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish empire.
Jun 7 John Aubrey an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer. He is perhaps best known as the author of the Brief Lives, his collection of short biographical pieces. He was a pioneer archaeologist, who recorded numerous megalithic and other field monuments in southern England, and who is particularly noted as the discoverer of the Avebury henge monument. The Aubrey holes at Stonehenge are named after him, although there is considerable doubt as to whether the holes that he observed are those that currently bear the name. He was also a pioneer folklorist, collecting together a miscellany of material on customs, traditions and beliefs under the title "Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme". He set out to compile county histories of both Wiltshire and Surrey, although both projects remained unfinished. His "Interpretation of Villare Anglicanum" was the first attempt to compile a full-length study of English place-names. He had wider interests in applied mathematics and astronomy, and was friendly with many of the greatest scientists of the day
Jul 18 António Vieira a Portuguese Jesuit philosopher and writer, the "prince" of Catholic pulpit-orators of his time.
Dec 17 Eleanor of Austria Queen of Poland Josefa of Austria was, by her two marriages, Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lorraine.