Born in 1697

Jan 1 Joseph François Dupleix governor general of the French establishment in India, and the rival of Robert Clive.
Jan 30 Johann Joachim Quantz a German flutist, flute maker and composer. He composed hundreds of flute sonatas and concertos, and wrote On Playing the Flute, a treatise on flute performance
Feb 5 William Smellie (obstetrician) a Scottish obstetrician.
Feb 24 Bernhard Siegfried Albinus a German-born Dutch anatomist.
Mar 9 Friederike Caroline Neuber a German actress and theatre director. She is one of the most famous artists in the history of the German theater
Mar 30 Faustina Bordoni an Italian mezzo-soprano.
Apr 1 Antoine François Prévost a French author and novelist.
Apr 16 Johann Gottlieb Görner a German composer and organist. His brother was the composer Johann Valentin Görner and his son the organist Karl Friedrich Görner. He was a student at the Thomasschule zu Leipzig and University of Leipzig, then organist of the city's Paulinerkirche from 1716 then its Nikolaikirche from 1721. In 1723 he founded a Collegium Musicum, which competed with Johann Sebastian Bach's. He died in Leipzig
Apr 23 George Anson 1st Baron Anson a British admiral and a wealthy aristocrat, noted for his circumnavigation of the globe and his role overseeing the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War. During his time in office Anson instituted a series of reforms to the Royal Navy
Apr 26 Adam Falckenhagen a German lutenist and composer of the Baroque period.
May 10 Jean-Marie Leclair a Baroque violinist and composer. He is considered to have founded the French violin school. His brothers Jean-Marie Leclair the younger , Pierre Leclair and Jean-Benoît Leclair were also musicians
May 20 Stephen of Piperi a Saint of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
Jun 4 Jacob Emden a leading German rabbi and talmudist who championed Orthodox Judaism in the face of the growing influence of the Sabbatean movement. He was acclaimed in all circles for his extensive knowledge, thus Moses Mendelssohn, founder of the Jewish Enlightenment movement, wrote to him as "your disciple, who thirsts for your words." Although Emden did not approve of the Hasidic movement which evolved during his lifetime, his books are highly regarded amongst the Hasidim. Thirty-one works were published during his lifetime, ten posthumously while others remain in manuscript
Jun 9 Augustus Louis Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
Jun 11 Francesco Antonio Vallotti an Italian composer, music theorist, and organist.
Jun 16 Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye a French historian, classicist, philologist and lexicographer.
Jul 11 Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable. He left unknown areas of continents blank and noted doubtful information as such; compared to the lavish maps of his predecessors, his maps looked empty
Aug 6 Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. A member of the House of Wittelsbach, Charles was notably the first person not born of the House of Habsburg to become emperor in over three centuries
Sep 25 Francis Josias Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Oct 17 Canaletto an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice. He was also an important printmaker in etching
Oct 18 Luigi Maria Torregiani an Italian Cardinal.
Oct 26 John Peter Zenger a German American printer, publisher, editor, and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was a defendant in a landmark legal case in American jurisprudence, known as The Zenger Trial. His lawyers, Andrew Hamilton and William Smith, Sr., successfully argued that truth is a defense against charges of libel
Nov 9 August Aleksander Czartoryski a Polish-Lithuanian noble , magnate, and founder of the family fortune.
Nov 9 Claudio Casciolini an Italian composer. His compositions include a three-part Missa pro defunctis, eight-part Zacchee festinans descende and a Missa brevissima. From April 1726 until his death he sang bass at the church of San Lorenzo in Damaso where he may also have been maestro di cappella
Nov 10 Louise Hippolyte Princess of Monaco the only Sovereign Princess of Monaco. She is the ancestor of the current reigning princely family of Monaco
Nov 10 William Hogarth an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art.
Nov 25 Gerhard Tersteegen a German Reformed religious writer, born at Moers, at that time the capital of a countship belonging to the house of Orange-Nassau , which formed a Protestant enclave in the midst of a Roman Catholic country.
Nov 25 Maria Karolina Sobieska a Polish noble lady, daughter of Jakub Ludwik Sobieski. Known as Marie Charlotte or just Charlotte, she was the Princess of Turenne and later Duchess of Bouillon by marriage. Charlotte was the last surviving member of the House of Sobieski
Nov 30 Johann Albrecht Korff a Russian diplomat, and was the president of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
Dec 5 Giuseppe de Majo an Italian composer and organist. He was the father of the composer Gian Francesco de Majo. His compositional output consists of 10 operas, an oratorio, a concerto for 2 violins, and a considerable amount of sacred music
Dec 7 Peter August Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. He was the fifth and youngest son of Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and his wife Duchess Luise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg