Died in 1697

Jan 1 Filippo Baldinucci an Italian art historian and biographer.
Jan 4 Amalia Catharina a German poet and composer. She was born in Arolsen to Count Philipp Theodor von Waldeck and the Countess of Nassau. In 1664 she married Count Georg Ludwig von Erbach. She published a number of Pietist poems and songs in Hildburghausen in 1692. They were meant for private household devotion. There were 67 poems, some of which had simple melodies and a figured bass
Jan 6 Carlo Mannelli an Italian violinist, castrato and composer.
Jan 28 Sir John Fenwick 3rd Baronet an English Jacobite conspirator, who succeeded to the Baronetcy of Fenwick on the death of his father in 1676.
Feb 11 Georg Händel a barber-surgeon and the father of Georg Frideric Handel. As a young man he had to stop attending grammar school when his father Valentin died and had to give up his aspirations to become a lawyer. It is very unlikely he ever succeeded in finishing a medical study and without a degree he was not allowed to call himself a physician
Feb 20 Ivan Tsykler a Russian nobleman who was dismembered in 1697 on charges of conspiracy against Peter the Great.
Mar 1 Francesco Redi an Italian physician, naturalist, and poet. He was the first scientist to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots come from eggs of flies. He was also the first to recognize and correctly describe details of many important parasites, and for this reason, as many historians and scientists claim, he may rightly be called the father of modern parasitology, and also regarded as the founder of experimental biology
Mar 24 Paul-Philippe de Chaumont a French prelate. He was the second member elected to occupy seat 3 of the Académie française in 1654
Mar 26 Godfrey McCulloch a Scottish politician who was executed for murder.
Mar 27 Simon Bradstreet a colonial magistrate, businessman, diplomat, and the last governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Arriving in Massachusetts on the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, Bradstreet was almost constantly involved in the politics of the colony but became its governor only in 1679. He served on diplomatic missions and as agent to the crown in London, and also served as a commissioner to the New England Confederation. He was politically comparatively moderate, arguing minority positions in favor of freedom of speech and for accommodation of the demands of King Charles II following his restoration to the throne
Mar 29 Nicolaus Bruhns a Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer. He was one of the most prominent organists and composers of his generation
Apr 4 Jan de Bray a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Apr 5 Charles XI of Sweden King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish empire.
Apr 8 Niels Juel a Danish admiral. He was the brother of the diplomat Jens Juel
May 24 Johann Adolf I Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and member of the House of Wettin. He was the first son of August, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, and his first wife, Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Jun 7 John Aubrey an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer. He is perhaps best known as the author of the Brief Lives, his collection of short biographical pieces. He was a pioneer archaeologist, who recorded numerous megalithic and other field monuments in southern England, and who is particularly noted as the discoverer of the Avebury henge monument. The Aubrey holes at Stonehenge are named after him, although there is considerable doubt as to whether the holes that he observed are those that currently bear the name. He was also a pioneer folklorist, collecting together a miscellany of material on customs, traditions and beliefs under the title "Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme". He set out to compile county histories of both Wiltshire and Surrey, although both projects remained unfinished. His "Interpretation of Villare Anglicanum" was the first attempt to compile a full-length study of English place-names. He had wider interests in applied mathematics and astronomy, and was friendly with many of the greatest scientists of the day
Jun 18 Gregorio Barbarigo an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and scholar.
Jul 18 António Vieira a Portuguese Jesuit philosopher and writer, the "prince" of Catholic pulpit-orators of his time.
Jul 27 Dominik Mikołaj Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble and politician.
Nov 22 Libéral Bruant a French architect best known as the designer of the Hôtel des Invalides, Paris, now dominated by the dome erected by Jules Hardouin Mansart, his collaborator in earlier stages of the construction. A comparison of Bruant's central entrance to the Invalides, under an arched cornice packed with military trophies with Mansart's Eglise du Dome , gives a clear idea of the difference between Bruant's High Baroque and Hardouin-Mansart's restrained and somewhat academic Late Baroque
Dec 17 Eleanor of Austria Queen of Poland Josefa of Austria was, by her two marriages, Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lorraine.