1698 in history

1698 events chronologically

Jul 2 Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
Sep 5 In an effort to Westernize his nobility, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards for all men except the clergy and peasantry

Top 7 most famous people born in 1698

Jan 3 Metastasio an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
Feb 16 Pierre Bouguer a French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist, and astronomer. He is also known as "the father of naval architecture"
Aug 24 Erik Pontoppidan a Danish author, bishop, historian and antiquary. He was educated in Fredericia , after which he was a private tutor in Norway, and then studied in Holland, and in London and Oxford, England. In 1721 he became informator of Frederick Carl of Carlstein , and two years later morning preacher in the castle and afternoon preacher in Nordborg. From 1726 to 1734 he was pastor at Hagenberg, where he so protected the pietists as to find it advisable to defend his course against the Lutherans with Dialogus; oder Unterredung Severi, Sinceri, und Simplicis von der Religion and Reinheit der Lehre and Heller Glaubensspiegel. During this same period he laid the foundation of his later topographical and historical works in Memoria Hafniæ ; Theatrum Daniæ ; and Kurzgefasste Reformationshistorie der dänischen Kirche. Pontoppidan became successively pastor in Hillerød and castle preacher in Frederiksborg , Danish court preacher at Copenhagen , professor extraordinary of theology at the University , and a member of the mission board , meanwhile writing his Everriculum fermenti veteris and Böse Sprichwörter
Aug 25 Baal Shem Tov a Jewish mystical rabbi. He is considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism
Sep 14 Charles François de Cisternay du Fay a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi.
Sep 28 Pierre Louis Maupertuis a French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters. He became the Director of the Académie des Sciences, and the first President of the Prussian Academy of Science, at the invitation of Frederick the Great
Oct 23 Ange-Jacques Gabriel the most prominent French architect of his generation.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1698

Jan 23 Ernest Augustus Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Principality of Calenberg subdivision of the duchy. He was appointed prince-elector, but died before the appointment became effective. He was also Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück
Mar 16 Leonora Christina Ulfeldt the daughter of King Christian IV of Denmark and wife of Steward of the Realm–cum–traitor Count Corfitz Ulfeldt. Renowned in Denmark since the 19th century for her posthumously published autobiography, Jammers Minde, written secretly during two decades of solitary confinement in a royal dungeon, her intimate version of the major events she witnessed in Europe's history, interwoven with ruminations on her woes as a political prisoner, still commands popular interest, scholarly respect, and has virtually become the stuff of legend as retold and enlivened in Danish literature and art
Jun 10 Gerrit Adriaenszoon Berckheyde best known today for his cityscapes.
Jun 11 Balthasar Bekker a Dutch minister and author of philosophical and theological works. Opposing superstition, he was a key figure in the end of the witchcraft persecutions in early modern Europe. His best known work is De Betoverde Weereld , or The World Bewitched
Nov 4 Rasmus Bartholin a Danish scientist and physician. As part of his studies, he travelled in Europe for ten years. Professor at the University of Copenhagen, first in Geometry, later in Medicine. He was a younger brother of Thomas Bartholin
Nov 19 Petro Doroshenko a Cossack political and military leader, Hetman of Right-bank Ukraine and a Russian voyevoda.
Nov 28 Louis de Buade de Frontenac a French soldier, courtier, and Governor General of New France from 1672 to 1682 and from 1689 to his death in 1698. He established a number of forts on the Great Lakes and engaged in a series of battles against the English and the Iroquois