Born in 1698

Jan 3 Metastasio an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
Feb 16 Pierre Bouguer a French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist, and astronomer. He is also known as "the father of naval architecture"
Feb 20 Bernardo Tanucci an Italian statesman, who brought enlightened government to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies for Charles III and his son Ferdinand IV.
Mar 26 Prokop Diviš Dom Prokop Diviš, O.Praem. Czech pronunciation: was a Czech canon regular, theologian and natural scientist, who invented the first grounded lightning rod
May 29 Edmé Bouchardon a French sculptor who was esteemed as the greatest sculptor of his time and valued as a painter and draughtsman as well.
Jun 15 George Browne (soldier) an Irish soldier of fortune who became full general in the Russian service.
Jul 2 Francesco III d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1737 until his death.
Jul 19 Johann Jakob Bodmer a German-Swiss author, academic, critic and poet.
Aug 21 Giuseppe Guarneri an Italian luthier from the Guarneri family of Cremona. He rivals Antonio Stradivari with regard to the respect and reverence accorded his instruments, and he has been called the finest violin maker of the Amati line. Instruments made by Guarneri are often referred to as Josephs or del Gesùs
Aug 24 Erik Pontoppidan a Danish author, bishop, historian and antiquary. He was educated in Fredericia , after which he was a private tutor in Norway, and then studied in Holland, and in London and Oxford, England. In 1721 he became informator of Frederick Carl of Carlstein , and two years later morning preacher in the castle and afternoon preacher in Nordborg. From 1726 to 1734 he was pastor at Hagenberg, where he so protected the pietists as to find it advisable to defend his course against the Lutherans with Dialogus; oder Unterredung Severi, Sinceri, und Simplicis von der Religion and Reinheit der Lehre and Heller Glaubensspiegel. During this same period he laid the foundation of his later topographical and historical works in Memoria Hafniæ ; Theatrum Daniæ ; and Kurzgefasste Reformationshistorie der dänischen Kirche. Pontoppidan became successively pastor in Hillerød and castle preacher in Frederiksborg , Danish court preacher at Copenhagen , professor extraordinary of theology at the University , and a member of the mission board , meanwhile writing his Everriculum fermenti veteris and Böse Sprichwörter
Aug 25 Baal Shem Tov a Jewish mystical rabbi. He is considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism
Sep 8 Friederike Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and through her marriage a princess of Hesse-Kassel.
Sep 8 François Francoeur a French composer and violinist.
Sep 14 Charles François de Cisternay du Fay a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi.
Sep 28 Pierre Louis Maupertuis a French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters. He became the Director of the Académie des Sciences, and the first President of the Prussian Academy of Science, at the invitation of Frederick the Great
Oct 13 Giacomo Ceruti an Italian late Baroque painter, active in Northern Italy in Milan, Brescia, and Venice. He acquired the nickname Pitocchetto for his many paintings of peasants dressed in rags
Oct 23 Ange-Jacques Gabriel the most prominent French architect of his generation.
Oct 30 Paul Troger an Austrian painter, draughtsman and printmaker of the late Baroque period. Troger's illusionistic ceiling paintings in fresco are notable for their dramatic vitality of movement and their palette of light colors
Nov 8 Alberico Archinto an Italian cardinal and papal diplomat.
Nov 22 Pierre de Rigaud Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial a Canadien-born colonial governor of Canada in North America. He was governor of French Louisiana and in 1755 became the last Governor-General of New France. In 1759 and 1760 the British conquered the colony in the Seven Years' War
Dec 14 Crown Prince Friedrich Ludwig heir to the duchy of Württemberg.
Dec 24 William Warburton an English writer, literary critic and churchman, Bishop of Gloucester from 1759 until his death. He edited editions of the works of his friend Alexander Pope, and of William Shakespeare
Dec 25 Jacobus Houbraken a Dutch engraver and the son of the artist and biographer Arnold Houbraken , whom he assisted in producing a published record of the lives of artists from the Dutch Golden Age.