Born in 1699

Jan 14 Jakob Adlung a German organist, teacher, instrument maker, music historian, and music theorist.
Feb 9 Étienne Jeaurat a French painter, above all remembered for his lively street scenes.
Feb 11 Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company.
Feb 17 Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff a painter and architect in Prussia.
Mar 13 Jacob Faggot a Swedish scientist.
Mar 23 John Bartram an early American botanist, horticulturist and explorer. Carolus Linnaeus said he was the "greatest natural botanist in the world."
Mar 24 Paul Gottlieb Werlhof a German physician and poet who was a native of Helmstedt.
Mar 25 Johann Adolph Hasse an 18th-century German composer, singer and teacher of music. Immensely popular in his time, Hasse was best known for his prolific operatic output, though he also composed a considerable quantity of sacred music. Married to soprano Faustina Bordoni and a great friend of librettist Pietro Metastasio, whose libretti he frequently set, Hasse was a pivotal figure in the development of opera seria and 18th-century music
Apr 3 Jean-Baptiste Forqueray a player of the viol and a composer.
Apr 14 Frederick III Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Apr 17 Robert Blair (poet) a Scottish poet. His fame rests upon his poem The Grave, which, in a later printing was illustrated by William Blake
May 5 Hubert Drouais a French painter, portraitist and miniaturist.
May 13 Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo 1st Marquis of Pombal an 18th-century Portuguese statesman. He was Secretary of the State of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves in the government of Joseph I of Portugal from 1750 to 1777. Undoubtedly the most prominent minister in the government, he is considered today to have been the de facto head of government. Pombal is notable for his swift and competent leadership in the aftermath of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. He implemented sweeping economic policies in Portugal to regulate commercial activity and standardize quality throughout the country. Pombal was instrumental in weakening the grip of the Inquisition. The term Pombaline is used to describe not only his tenure, but also the architectural style which formed after the great earthquake
May 14 Hans Joachim von Zieten a cavalry general in the Prussian Army. He served in numerous wars and battles during the reign of Frederick the Great
May 25 Anna Leszczyńska (1699–1717) a Polish noblewoman from the Leszczyński family and later Royal Princess of Poland when her father became King in 1704.
May 26 Nikita Trubetskoy a Russian statesman and Field Marshal , minister of defense of Russia 1760.
Jun 6 Johann Georg Estor a German theorist of public law, historian and book collector. To his opinion the Roman Law is strange to the original German law-culture and must be considered as a foreign body
Jun 6 Alamgir II the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759. He was the son of Jahandar Shah
Jun 20 William Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and heir to the principality of Anhalt-Dessau.
Jun 26 Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin has been referred to as one of the leading female figures in the French Enlightenment. From 1750–1777, Madame Geoffrin played host to many of the most influential Philosophes and Encyclopédistes of her time. Her association with several prominent dignitaries and public figures from across Europe has earned Madame Geoffrin international recognition. Her patronage and dedication to both the philosophical Men of Letters and talented artists that frequented her house is emblematic of her role as guide and protector. In her salon on the rue Saint-Honoré, Madame Geoffrin demonstrated qualities of politeness and civility that helped stimulate and regulate intellectual discussion. Her actions as a Parisian salonnière exemplify many of the most important characteristics of Enlightenment sociability
Aug 17 Bernard de Jussieu a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu.
Aug 25 Charles Étienne Louis Camus a French mathematician and mechanician who was born at Crécy-en-Brie, near Meaux.
Sep 12 John Martyn (botanist) an English botanist. He is best known for his Historia Plantarum Rariorum , and his translation, with valuable agricultural and botanical notes, of the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil
Nov 2 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin an 18th-century French painter. He is considered a master of still life, and is also noted for his genre paintings which depict kitchen maids, children, and domestic activities. Carefully balanced composition, soft diffusion of light, and granular impasto characterize his work
Nov 13 Jan Zach a Czech composer, violinist and organist. Although he was a gifted and versatile composer capable of writing both in Baroque and Classical idioms, his eccentric personality led to numerous conflicts and lack of steady employment since about 1756
Nov 20 Antun Kanižlić a Croatian Jesuit and poet.
Nov 30 Rafi ud-Darajat the 10th Mughal Emperor. He succeeded Furrukhsiyar on 28 February 1719, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers
Nov 30 Christian VI of Denmark the King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, he is considered one of Denmark's more anonymous kings, but he was a skilled politician, best known for his authoritarian regime. He was the first king of the Oldenburg dynasty to refrain from entering in any war. He married Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and fathered Frederick V
Dec 8 Maria Josepha of Austria born an Archduchess of Austria, and from 1711 to 1713 was heiress presumptive to the Habsburg Empire. By her marriage to Augustus of Saxony she was the Electress of Saxony and Queen consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Dec 17 Charles-Louis Mion a French composer of the Baroque era. He was the grand-nephew of Michel Richard Delalande who also taught him music. Between 1710 and 1718 he was a choirboy at the Sainte-Chapelle du Palais. Later in life he became music teacher to his patroness Madame de Pompadour. In 1755 he was appointed master of music to Les Enfants de France. He wrote motets and operas, one of which earned him a royal pension of 2,000 livres
Dec 19 William Bowyer (printer) an English printer.