Born in 1700

Jan 14 Picander the pseudonym of Christian Friedrich Henrici , a German poet and librettist for many of the cantatas which Johann Sebastian Bach composed in Leipzig. Henrici studied law at Wittenberg and Leipzig. He started writing to supplement his income, and continued to write even after he had developed a career as a civil servant
Feb 2 Johann Christoph Gottsched a German philosopher, author, and critic. For about thirty years, he exercised an almost undisputed literary dictatorship in Germany. But by his later years, his name had become a by-word for foolish pedantry
Feb 8 Daniel Bernoulli a Swiss mathematician and physicist and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He is particularly remembered for his applications of mathematics to mechanics, especially fluid mechanics, and for his pioneering work in probability and statistics. His name is commemorated in the Bernoulli principle, a particular example of the conservation of energy, which describes the mathematics of the mechanism underlying the operation of two important technologies of the 20th century: the carburetor and the airplane wing
Mar 3 Charles-Joseph Natoire a French painter in the Rococo manner, a pupil of François Lemoyne and director of the French Academy in Rome, 1751-1775. Considered during his lifetime the equal of François Boucher, he played a prominent role in the artistic life of France
Mar 4 Louis Auguste Prince of Dombes a grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his maîtresse-en-titre Françoise-Athénaïs de Montespan. He was a member of the legitimised House of Bourbon-Maine
Mar 13 Michel Blavet a French composer and flute virtuoso. Although Blavet taught himself to play almost every instrument, he specialized in the bassoon and the flute which he held to the left, the opposite of how most flutists hold theirs today
Mar 30 Peter Artemiev a Russian Orthodox Deacon, a convert to Byzantine Catholicism, and one of the first martyrs of the Russian Catholic Church.
Apr 1 Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar Comte de Lowendal a Danish, German-born French soldier and statesmen. Born in Hamburg, he served in the armies of several countries, but is best known for his service in the French army during the War of the Austrian Succession. In the French campaign in the Austrian Netherlands against the Pragmatic Army he served as a subordinate to Maurice de Saxe. He led French forces that captured Ghent in 1745 and Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747. The King of France, Louis XV, made him a Marshal of France for his success in capturing Bergen op Zoom
Apr 30 Charles Frederick Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his consort, Hedvig Sophia, daughter of King Charles XI of Sweden. He became reigning duke in infancy, upon his father's death in 1702, and all his life was a legitimate claimant to the throne of Sweden, as pro forma heir to Charles XII. Father of Peter III of Russia, he was a patrilineal ancestor of all Russian emperors after Catherine II
May 2 Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg the wife of Duke Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.
May 7 Gerard van Swieten a Dutch-Austrian physician.
May 12 Luigi Vanvitelli an Italian engineer and architect. The most prominent 18th-century architect of Italy, he practised a sober classicizing academic Late Baroque style that made an easy transition to Neoclassicism
May 19 José de Escandón 1st Count of Sierra Gorda a Spanish Indian-fighter in New Spain and the founder and first governor of the colony of Nuevo Santander, which extended from the Pánuco River in the modern-day Mexican state of Veracruz to the Guadalupe River in the U.S. state of Texas.
May 22 Michel-François Dandré-Bardon a French history painter and etcher.
May 26 Nicolaus Zinzendorf a German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church.
Jul 20 Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau a French physician, naval engineer and botanist.
Aug 13 Heinrich von Brühl a Polish-Saxon statesman at the court of Saxony and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and a member of the powerful German von Brühl family. The incumbency of the ambitious politician went along with the decline of both states. Brühl was a skillful diplomat and cunning strategist, who managed to attain control over of Saxony and Poland, partly by controlling its king, August III the Saxon, who ultimately only could be accessed through Brühl himself
Aug 17 Clemens August of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
Aug 18 Baji Rao I a noted general who served as Peshwa to the fourth Maratha Chhatrapati Chhatrapati Shahu Raje Bhonsle from 1720 until Baji Rao's death. He is also known as Thorale Baji Rao. He was also popular with the nickname 'Rau'
Aug 27 Carl Hårleman a Swedish architect.
Sep 11 James Thomson (poet) a Scottish and British poet and playwright, known for his masterpiece The Seasons and the lyrics of "Rule, Britannia!".
Sep 30 Stanisław Konarski a Polish pedagogue, educational reformer, political writer, poet, dramatist, Piarist monk and precursor of the Enlightenment in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Oct 10 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam born in Nancy, the eldest son of sculptor Jacob-Sigisbert Adam.
Oct 20 Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage. She was the third daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, and of his wife, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon. She was born a princesse du sang. When a married woman, she had ten children
Oct 31 Joseph Blake (criminal) an 18th-century English highwayman and felon.
Nov 17 Frederick William Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt born 17 November 1700, Oranienbaum Castle near Dessau – and died 4 March 1771, Wildenbruch Castle. In his lifetime, from 1711 to 1771, he held the titles Prince in Prussia and Margrave of Brandenburg, with the style Royal Highness. He was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. In the 19th century he was retrospectively known by the title Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, in order to differentiate his branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He was the second owner of the Prussian secundogeniture of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His parents were Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau. He was the nephew of King Frederick I of Prussia
Nov 19 Jean-Antoine Nollet a French clergyman and physicist. As a priest, he was also known as Abbé Nollet
Nov 28 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach queen-consort of Denmark and Norway as the wife of King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway.
Nov 28 Nathaniel Bliss an English astronomer of the 18th century, serving as Britain's fourth Astronomer Royal between 1762 and 1764.
Dec 25 Leopold II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1747 to 1751; he also was a Prussian general.