Died in 1700

Jan 7 Raffaello Fabretti an Italian antiquarian.
Jan 12 Marguerite Bourgeoys the French foundress of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal in the colony of New France, now part of Canada. She lived in Fort Ville-Marie as of 1653, educating young girls, the poor, and natives until her death at the turn of the 18th century. She is also significant for developing one of the first uncloistered religious communities in the Catholic Church. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church
Jan 16 Antonio Draghi a Baroque composer. He possibly was the brother of Giovanni Battista Draghi
Feb 12 Aleksei Shein Semyonovich Shein , Russian commander and statesman, the first Russian Generalissimus , boyar, great-grandson of Mikhail Shein.
Feb 25 James Douglas 2nd Marquess of Douglas the son of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus and 1st Earl of Ormonde, and Lady Anne Stuart.
Mar 3 Rajaram Chhatrapati the younger son of the first Maratha chhatrapati Shivaji, half-brother of the second Chhatrapati Sambhaji, and took over the Maratha Empire as its third chhatrapati after his brother's death at the hands of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb in 1689. He had a very short reign, during which he was engaged in a struggle with the Mughals
May 1 John Dryden an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made Poet Laureate in 1668.
May 5 Angelo Italia an Italian Jesuit and Baroque architect, who was born in Licata and died in Palermo.
May 15 John Hale (Beverly minister) the Puritan pastor of Beverly, Massachusetts, during the Salem witch trials in 1692. He was one of the most prominent and influential clergymen associated with the witch trials, and is most noted as having initially supported the trials, and then changing his mind, publishing a critique of them
May 17 Adam Adamandy Kochański a Polish mathematician.
May 23 Jens Juel (diplomat) a Danish diplomat and statesman of great influence at the Danish court who was created Baron and granted Juellinge in 1672. He was the brother of Admiral Niels Juel
Jul 2 Lambert Doomer a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
Jul 7 Silvestro Valiero the 109th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on 25 February 1694 until his death six years later. The Morean War between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire, which had been ongoing since 1684, came to an end during Valiero's reign as Doge, in January 1699
Jul 10 Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes and genre scenes.
Jul 22 Alderano Cybo an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
Jul 30 Prince William Duke of Gloucester the son of Princess Anne, later Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1702, and her husband, Prince George, Duke of Cumberland. He was their only child to survive infancy. Styled Duke of Gloucester, he was viewed by contemporaries as a Protestant champion because his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession established in the "Glorious Revolution" that had deposed his Catholic grandfather James II the previous year
Aug 6 Johann Beer an Austrian author, court official and composer.
Sep 15 André Le Nôtre a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. Most notably, he was the landscape architect who made the design and construction for the park of the Palace of Versailles, and his work represents the height of the French formal garden style, or jardin à la française
Sep 27 Pope Innocent XII Pope from 12 July 1691 to his death in 1700.
Oct 16 Patriarch Adrian of Moscow the last pre-revolutionary Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
Oct 17 Judah HeHasid (Jerusalem) a Jewish preacher who led the largest organized group of Jewish immigrants to the Land of Israel in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Nov 1 Charles II of Spain the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies. Known as "the Bewitched" , he is noted for his extensive physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities—along with his consequent ineffectual rule
Nov 7 Pietro Santi Bartoli an Italian engraver, draughtsman and painter.
Nov 19 Michał Franciszek Sapieha a Polish-Lithuanian magnate of the Sapieha family, Koniuszy of Lithuania, and a general of Lithuanian and Russian armies.
Nov 25 Stephanus Van Cortlandt the first native-born mayor of New York City, a position which he held from 1677 to 1678 and from 1686 to 1688. He was the patroon of Van Cortlandt Manor and was on the governor's executive council from 1691 to 1700. He was the first resident of Sagtikos Manor in West Bay Shore on Long Island, which was built around 1697. His brother, Jacobus Van Cortlandt also served as mayor of New York City. His wife, Gertruj Van Schuyler, was the sister of Pieter Schuyler, a colonial governor of New York and mayor of Albany
Nov 30 Armande Béjart a French actress, one of the most famous French stage actors of the 17th-century. She belonged to the Béjart family, a famous theatre family in 17th-century France. She was the daughter of Madeleine Béjart. In 1643 Madeleine co-founded, with Molière, the Illustre Théâtre