1701 in history

1701 events chronologically

Jan 18 Frederick I crowns himself King of Prussia in Königsberg
Jan 28 The Chinese storm Dartsedo
May 15 The War of the Spanish Succession begins
May 23 After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London, England
Jul 9 War of the Spanish Succession: Austrians defeat France in the Battle of Carpi
Jul 19 Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England
Jul 24 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit, Michigan

Top 7 most famous people born in 1701

Jan 28 Charles Marie de La Condamine a French explorer, geographer, and mathematician. He spent ten years in present-day Ecuador measuring the length of a degree latitude at the equator and preparing the first map of the Amazon region based on astronomical observations. Furthermore he was a contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers
Apr 27 Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 until his death.
Aug 14 Thomas Blackwell (scholar) a classical scholar, historian and "one of the major figures in the Scottish Enlightenment.".
Sep 22 Anna Magdalena Bach an accomplished singer and the second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Oct 22 Maria Amalia of Austria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Bohemia, Electress and Duchess of Bavaria etc. as the spouse of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Nov 5 Pietro Longhi a Venetian painter of contemporary genre scenes of life.
Nov 27 Anders Celsius a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician. He was professor of astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730 to 1744, but traveled from 1732 to 1735 visiting notable observatories in Germany, Italy and France. He founded the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory in 1741, and in 1742 proposed the Celsius temperature scale which bears his name

Top 7 most famous people died in 1701

May 23 William Kidd a Scottish sailor who was tried and executed for piracy after returning from a voyage to the Indian Ocean. Some modern historians deem his piratical reputation unjust, as there is evidence that Kidd acted only as a privateer. Kidd's fame springs largely from the sensational circumstances of his questioning before the English Parliament and the ensuing trial. His actual depredations on the high seas, whether piratical or not, were both less destructive and less lucrative than those of many other contemporary pirates and privateers
Jun 2 Madeleine de Scudéry a French writer. She was the younger sister of author Georges de Scudéry
Jun 9 Philippe I Duke of Orléans the youngest son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria. His older brother was Louis XIV, le roi soleil. Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. Following Philippe's victory in battle in 1671, Louis XIV added the dukedom of Nemours, the marquisates of Coucy and Folembray, and the countships of Dourdan and Romorantin. During the reign of his brother he was known simply as Monsieur, the traditional style at the court of France for the younger brother of the king
Jul 7 William Stoughton (Massachusetts) a colonial magistrate and administrator in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. He was in charge of what have come to be known as the Salem Witch Trials, first as the Chief Justice of the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692, and then as the Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature in 1693. In these trials he controversially accepted spectral evidence. Unlike other magistrates, he never admitted to the possibility that his acceptance of such evidence was in error
Sep 15 Edmé Boursault a French dramatist and miscellaneous writer, born at Mussy l'Evéque, now Mussy-sur-Seine.
Sep 16 James II of England King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland
Oct 3 Joseph Williamson (politician) an English civil servant, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England variously between 1665 and 1701 and in the Irish House of Commons between 1692 and 1699. He was Secretary of State for the Northern Department 1674-9