Died in 1701

Jan 3 Louis I Prince of Monaco Prince of Monaco from 1662 until 1701.
Jan 4 Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg military governor of Vienna from 1680, the city's defender during the Battle of Vienna in 1683, Imperial general during the Great Turkish War, and President of the Hofkriegsrat.
Jan 6 Toussaint Rose a French court secretary to Cardinal Mazarin and Louis XIV of France.
Jan 14 Tokugawa Mitsukuni a prominent daimyo who was known for his influence in the politics of the early Edo period. He was the third son of Tokugawa Yorifusa and succeeded him, becoming the second daimyo of the Mito domain
Mar 25 Jean Regnault de Segrais a French poet and novelist born in Caen. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1662
Mar 28 Domenico Guidi a prominent Italian Baroque sculptor.
Apr 21 Asano Naganori the daimyo of the Akō Domain in Japan. His title was Takumi no Kami. He is known as the person who triggered a series of incidents retold in a story known as Chūshingura, one of the favourite themes of kabuki, jōruri, and Japanese books and films
May 20 Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the consort of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, who was the ruling Duke of Saxe-Merseburg from 1650 until his death.
May 23 William Kidd a Scottish sailor who was tried and executed for piracy after returning from a voyage to the Indian Ocean. Some modern historians deem his piratical reputation unjust, as there is evidence that Kidd acted only as a privateer. Kidd's fame springs largely from the sensational circumstances of his questioning before the English Parliament and the ensuing trial. His actual depredations on the high seas, whether piratical or not, were both less destructive and less lucrative than those of many other contemporary pirates and privateers
May 23 Anne Hilarion de Tourville a French naval commander who served under King Louis XIV. He was made Marshal of France in 1693
Jun 2 Madeleine de Scudéry a French writer. She was the younger sister of author Georges de Scudéry
Jun 9 Philippe I Duke of Orléans the youngest son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria. His older brother was Louis XIV, le roi soleil. Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. Following Philippe's victory in battle in 1671, Louis XIV added the dukedom of Nemours, the marquisates of Coucy and Folembray, and the countships of Dourdan and Romorantin. During the reign of his brother he was known simply as Monsieur, the traditional style at the court of France for the younger brother of the king
Jun 29 Pieter Mulier II a Dutch Golden Age painter active in Italy.
Jul 7 William Stoughton (Massachusetts) a colonial magistrate and administrator in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. He was in charge of what have come to be known as the Salem Witch Trials, first as the Chief Justice of the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692, and then as the Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature in 1693. In these trials he controversially accepted spectral evidence. Unlike other magistrates, he never admitted to the possibility that his acceptance of such evidence was in error
Aug 20 Sir Charles Sedley 5th Baronet an English wit, dramatist and politician, ending his career as Speaker of the House of Commons.
Aug 22 John Granville 1st Earl of Bath an English Royalist soldier and statesman during the Civil War who played a major role in the 1660 Restoration of the Monarchy and was later appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was the first in his family to adopt the modernised spelling as Granville of their ancient surname Grenville, which emphasised their ancient 11th century origin from the Normandy manor of Granville, Manche
Sep 15 Edmé Boursault a French dramatist and miscellaneous writer, born at Mussy l'Evéque, now Mussy-sur-Seine.
Sep 16 James II of England King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland
Oct 3 Joseph Williamson (politician) an English civil servant, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England variously between 1665 and 1701 and in the Irish House of Commons between 1692 and 1699. He was Secretary of State for the Northern Department 1674-9
Nov 5 Charles Gerard 2nd Earl of Macclesfield an English peer, soldier and MP.
Dec 2 Zofia Czarnkowska Opalińska the daughter of Adam Uriel Czarnkowski and Theresa Zaleska. She was also the grandmother of Marie Leszczynska and Anne Leszczynska