1703 in history

1703 events chronologically

Jan 30 The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master
Feb 4 In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death
May 27 Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg
Jul 31 Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers
Nov 27 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703
Dec 7 The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die
Dec 27 Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England

Top 7 most famous people born in 1703

Feb 21 Shah Waliullah an Islamic scholar, reformer and founder of modern Islamic thought who attempted to reassess Islamic theology in the light of modern changes. He had spent time at Mecca with Muhammad_ibn_Abd_al-Wahhab who started the Wahhabism philosophy and its implementation along with Saudi monarchs. Shah Waliullah influenced enough people with Wahabi philosophy so that its counterpart in indian subcontinent was created at Deoband. Which now is the Islamic school of Darul_Uloom_Deoband
Jun 23 Marie Leszczyńska a queen consort of France. She was a daughter of King Stanisław I of Poland and Catherine Opalińska. She married King Louis XV of France and was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII, and Charles She was the longest-serving queen consort of France
Jun 28 John Wesley credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism. His work and writings also played a leading role in the development of the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism
Aug 4 Louis d'Orléans Duke of Orléans the Duke of Orléans and a member of the royal family of France, the House of Bourbon, and as such was a prince du sang. At his father's death, he became the First Prince of the Blood. Known as Louis le Pieux and also as Louis le Génovéfain, Louis was a pious, charitable and cultured prince, who took very little part in the politics of the time
Sep 29 François Boucher a French painter in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, and pastoral scenes. He was perhaps the most celebrated painter and decorative artist of the 18th century. He also painted several portraits of his patroness, Madame de Pompadour
Oct 5 Jonathan Edwards (theologian) a Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's greatest intellectuals. Edwards's theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Recent studies have emphasized how thoroughly Edwards grounded his life's work on conceptions of beauty, harmony, and ethical fittingness, and how central The Enlightenment was to his mindset. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, and oversaw some of the first revivals in 1733–35 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts
Oct 27 Johann Gottlieb Graun a German Baroque/Classical era composer and violinist, born in Wahrenbrück.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1703

Jan 16 Erik Dahlbergh a Swedish engineer, soldier, and field marshal. He was born of peasant stock but he eventually rose to the level of nobility through his military competence. He was renown for fortification works and was called the "Vauban of Sweden"
Mar 3 Robert Hooke an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Mar 31 Johann Christoph Bach a German composer and organist of the Baroque period. He was born at Arnstadt, the son of Heinrich Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach's great uncle, hence he was Johann Sebastian's first cousin once removed. He was also the uncle of Maria Barbara Bach, J.S. Bach's first wife. He is not to be confused with Johann Sebastian Bach's son, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach
May 16 Charles Perrault a French author and member of the Académie française. He laid the foundations for a new literary genre, the fairy tale, with his works derived from pre-existing folk tales. The best known of his tales include Le Petit Chaperon rouge , Cendrillon , Le Chat Botté , La Belle au bois dormant and La Barbe bleue. Many of Perrault's stories, which were rewritten by the Brothers Grimm, continue to be printed and have been adapted to opera, ballet , theatre, and film. Perrault was an influential figure in the 17th-century French literary scene, and was the leader of the Modern faction during the Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns
May 26 Samuel Pepys now most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man. Although Pepys had no maritime experience, he rose by patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration to be the Chief Secretary to the Admiralty under both King Charles II and subsequently King James II
Sep 22 Vincenzo Viviani an Italian mathematician and scientist. He was a pupil of Torricelli and a disciple of Galileo
Oct 28 John Wallis given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol for infinity. He similarly used for an infinitesimal. Asteroid 31982 Johnwallis was named after him