Died in 1705

Jan 12 Luca Giordano an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching. Fluent and decorative, he worked successfully in Naples and Rome, Florence and Venice, before spending a decade in Spain
Jan 17 John Ray an English naturalist, widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists, and the man with whom "the adventure of modern science begins". Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after "having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him"
Feb 1 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover the first Queen consort in Prussia as wife of King Frederick She was the only daughter of Elector Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Sophia of the Palatinate. Her eldest brother George Louis succeeded to the British throne in 1714 as King George I
Feb 5 Philipp Spener a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism.".
Mar 22 Christian Heinrich Postel a German jurist, epic poet and opera librettist, who wrote 28 libretti for the Oper am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg, set by composers such as Johann Philipp Förtsch, Reinhard Keiser and Georg Philipp Telemann. His texts for a St John Passion were set by composers Christian Ritter, Johann Mattheson and Johann Sebastian Bach in his St John Passion
Apr 17 Johann Paul von Westhoff a German Baroque composer and violinist. One of the most important exponents of the Dresden violin school, he was among the highest ranked violinists of his day, and composed some of the earliest known music for solo violin. He worked as musician and composer as a member of Dresden's Hofkapelle and at the Weimar court , and was also active as a teacher of contemporary languages
May 5 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
May 5 Johann Ernst Glück now in Latvia.
Jun 10 António José da Silva a Brazilian dramatist, known as "the Jew". The Brazilian spelling of his first name is Antônio, António José da Silva in Hebrew אנטוניו ז'וזה דה סילווה
Jun 16 Adriaen van der Cabel a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter active in France and Italy.
Jun 20 Michiel van Musscher a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Aug 16 Jacob Bernoulli one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He was an early proponent of Leibnizian calculus and had sided with Leibniz during the Leibniz–Newton calculus controversy. He is known for his numerous contributions to calculus, and along with his brother Johann, was one of the founders of the calculus of variations. However, his most important contribution was in the field of probability, where he derived the first version of the law of large numbers in his work Ars Conjectandi
Sep 13 Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt a Field Marshal in the Austrian army. He is known for his career in Habsburg Spain, as Viceroy of Catalonia , head of the Austrian army in the War of Spanish Succession and governor of Gibraltar in 1704. He was known in Spanish as Jorge de Darmstadt and in Catalan as Jordi Darmstadt
Sep 13 Imre Thököly a Hungarian noble, leader of an anti-Habsburg uprising, Prince of Transylvania, and vassal king of Upper Hungary.
Oct 11 Guillaume Amontons a French scientific instrument inventor and physicist. He was one of the pioneers in tribology
Oct 17 Ninon de l'Enclos a French author, courtesan, freethinker, and patron of the arts.
Nov 15 Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis countess of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place in 1 December 1687
Dec 21 Christine of Baden-Durlach a German noblewoman.
Dec 23 Princess Luise Dorothea of Prussia the daughter of Frederick I, First King in Prussia by his first wife Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel. She was the Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage but died in childbirth
Dec 31 Catherine of Braganza Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1662 to 1685, as the wife of King Charles Catherine was born into the House of Braganza, the most senior noble house of Portugal, which became Portugal's royal house after Catherine's father, John, 8th Duke of Braganza, was proclaimed King John IV after deposing the House of Habsburg in 1640.