1707 in history

1707 events chronologically

Jan 1 John V is crowned King of Portugal
Jan 16 The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain
Mar 24 The Acts of Union 1707 is signed, officially uniting the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain
Apr 25 The Habsburg army is defeated by Bourbon army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession
May 1 The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain
Aug 20 The first Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida
Oct 22 Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown

Top 7 most famous people born in 1707

Feb 1 Frederick Prince of Wales heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death. He was the eldest but estranged son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach, as well as the father of King George III
Feb 25 Carlo Goldoni an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him
Mar 7 Stephen Hopkins (politician) a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. From a prominent Rhode Island family, Hopkins was a grandson of William Hopkins who served the colony for 40 years as Deputy, Assistant, Speaker of the House of Deputies, and Major. His great grandfather, Thomas Hopkins, was an original settler of Providence, sailing from England in 1635 with his first cousin, Benedict Arnold, who became the first governor of the Rhode Island colony under the Royal Charter of 1663
Apr 15 Leonhard Euler a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. He is also renowned for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy, and music theory
Apr 22 Henry Fielding an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the novel Tom Jones.
May 23 Carl Linnaeus a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus
Sep 7 Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1707

Mar 3 Aurangzeb the sixth Mughal Emperor and ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent. He was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680. He was a pious Muslim, and his policies partly abandoned the legacy of Akbar's secularism, which remains a very controversial aspect of his reign. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres and he ruled over a population estimated as being in the range of 100–150 million subjects. However, his wars led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and death of approximately 4.6 million people, mostly civilians. He was a strong and effective ruler, but with his death the great period of the Mughal Empire came to an end, and central control of the sub-continent declined rapidly
Mar 30 Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and breaking through them. He also advised Louis XIV on how to consolidate France's borders, to make them more defensible. Vauban made a radical suggestion of giving up some land that was indefensible to allow for a stronger, less porous border with France's neighbours
Apr 29 George Farquhar an Irish dramatist. He is noted for his contributions to late Restoration comedy, particularly for his plays The Recruiting Officer and The Beaux' Stratagem
May 9 Dieterich Buxtehude a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period. His organ works represent a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and in church services. He composed in a wide variety of vocal and instrumental idioms, and his style strongly influenced many composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach. Today, Buxtehude is considered one of the most important composers in Germany of the mid-Baroque
May 27 Françoise-Athénaïs marquise de Montespan the most celebrated maîtresse en titre of King Louis XIV of France, by whom she had seven children.
Dec 1 Jeremiah Clarke an English baroque composer and organist.
Dec 27 Jean Mabillon a French Benedictine monk and scholar, considered the founder of palaeography and diplomatics.